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For the first time, three-dimensional images of the newborn infant brain have been generated using measurements of transmitted light. A 32-channel time-resolved imaging system was employed, and data were acquired using custom-made helmets which couple source fibres and detector bundles to the infant head. Images have been reconstructed using measurements of(More)
Induced haemodynamic and blood oxygenation changes occurring within the brain of a ventilated newborn infant have been imaged in three dimensions using optical tomography. Noninvasive measurements of the flight times of transmitted light were acquired during illumination of the brain by laser pulses at wavelengths of 780 nm and 815 nm. The oxygen and carbon(More)
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) provides a unique method of monitoring infant brain function by measuring the changes in the concentrations of oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin. During the past 10 years, NIRS measurement of the developing brain has rapidly expanded. In this article, a brief discussion of the general principles of NIRS, including its(More)
A time-resolved optical tomography system has been used to generate cross-sectional images of the human breast. Images are reconstructed using an iterative, nonlinear algorithm and measurements of mean photon flight time relative to those acquired on a homogeneous reference phantom. Thirty-eight studies have been performed on three healthy volunteers and 21(More)
Optical tomography is being developed as a means of detecting and specifying disease in the adult female breast. We present a series of clinical three-dimensional optical images obtained with a 32-channel time-resolved system and a liquid-coupled interface. Patients place their breasts in a hemispherical cup to which sources and detectors are coupled, and(More)
We present an overview of time-resolved optical tomog-raphy together with the hardware and software methods that we have developed for a clinical instrument that implements this modality. The hardware is based on a multichannel photon-counting technique that records the histograms of photons time-of-flight through highly scattering and attenuating media.(More)
A 32-channel time-resolved optical imaging device is developed at University College London to produce functional images of the neonatal brain and the female breast. Reconstruction of images using time-resolved measurements of transmitted light requires careful calibration of the temporal characteristics of the measurement system. Since they can often vary(More)
We present a novel probe design which enables simultaneous electroencephalography (EEG) and near-infrared (NIR) optical imaging to be performed in a manner which is easy to apply, allows for optimum co-registration of the two forms of data and maximizes the number of sensors which can be applied to a given area. Our probe design is evaluated using a(More)
We have begun clinical trials of optical tomography of the neonatal brain. To validate this research, we have built and imaged an anatomically realistic, tissue-equivalent neonatal head phantom that is hollow, allowing contrasting objects to be placed inside it. Images were reconstructed by use of two finite-element meshes, one generated from a computed(More)
We describe a series of novel simultaneous EEG and diffuse optical imaging studies of newborn infants. These experiments provide evidence of large, transient haemodynamic events which occur repeatedly and consistently within and across several infants with neurological damage, all of whom were diagnosed with seizures. A simple but independent process of(More)