Jeremy Bernstein

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A more or less self-contained introductory review is presented of the so-called Higgs phenomenon. This is the mechanism by which, in a certain class of gauge theories, the "photon" and would-be Goldstone scalar mesons conspire together to produce massive vector mesons via a "sporitaneous" breaking of gauge invariance. It is conceivable that this is the way(More)
L INTRODUCTION circular polarization of each photon in the decay is gtven by Im(nP*). Hence the recent experiment of Garwin et al. which shows, within experimental error, that Im(IIP*)=0, does not prove that the two-photon state is an eigenstate of T and P separately, but rather of TP. Hence, since it is an eigenstate of C, it is also an eigenstate of CTP.(More)
The capture of a muon bound to an atomic nucleus is a singular phenomenon because it involves three forces: an electromagnetic force binds the muon to the nucleus and produces the muon’s energy levels, including the hyperfine structure; the nuclear force produces the structure of the nucleus; and finally, the weak force is responsible for the capture. In(More)
In the summer of 1939 Otto Frisch, who was in Copenhagen, received an invitation from Mark Oliphant, a professor of physics at Birmingham, to come to Birmingham for the summer to see if some arrangements might be made for Frisch to emigrate to Birmingham. War came that fall and Frisch could not return safely to Denmark. He was given a lectureship that(More)
The two books under review present new and useful information about the relation of sentence structure to measure ments of speech prosody. The descriptions of sentence structure follow the generative linguistic theory of Chomsky and Jackendoff, and the measured attributes of speech prosody are segment and pause duration, and voice fundamental frequency(More)
Stochasticity is an essential part of explaining the world. Increasingly, neuroscientists and cognitive scientists are identifying mechanisms whereby the brain uses probabilistic reasoning in representational, predictive, and generative settings. But stochasticity is not always useful: robust perception and memory retrieval require representations that are(More)
“The quantity of any matter is the measure of it by its density and volume conjointly.... This quantity is what I shall understand by the term mass or body in the discussions to follow. It is ascertainable from the weight of the body in question. For I have found by pendulum experiments of high precision, that the mass of a body is proportional to its(More)
The two books under review present new and useful information about the relation of sentence structure to measure ments of speech prosody. The descriptions of sentence structure follow the generative linguistic theory of Chomsky and Jackendoff, and the measured attributes of speech prosody are segment and pause duration, and voice fundamental frequency(More)
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