Jeremy B A Green

Learn More
The Brachyury (T) gene is required for mesoderm formation in the mouse. In this paper we describe the cloning and expression of a Xenopus homolog of Brachyury, Xbra. As with Brachyury in the mouse, Xbra is expressed in presumptive mesodermal cells around the blastopore, and then in the notochord. We show that expression of Xbra occurs as a result of(More)
The potent mesoderm-inducing factors activin and FGF are present as maternally synthesized proteins in embryos of X. laevis. We show that activin can act on explanted blastomeres to induce at least five different cell states ranging from posterolateral mesoderm to dorsoanterior organizer mesoderm. Each state is induced in a narrow dose range bounded by(More)
The protein XTC-MIF, a Xenopus homologue of activin A and a potent mesoderm-inducing factor, can induce responding animal pole explants to form several different cell types in a dose-dependent manner, higher doses eliciting more dorso-anterior tissues. This graded response, characteristic of classically postulated morphogens, may underlie pattern formation,(More)
Mesoderm in Xenopus and other amphibian embryos is induced by signals from the vegetal hemisphere acting on equatorial or animal hemisphere cells. These signals are diffusible and two classes of candidate signal molecule have been identified: the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) types. In this paper, we compare(More)
Chemically induced birth defects are an important public health and human problem. Here we use Xenopus and zebrafish as models to investigate the mechanism of action of a well-known teratogen, valproic acid (VPA). VPA is a drug used in treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder but causes spina bifida if taken during pregnancy. VPA has several biochemical(More)
Epilepsy is a complex brain disorder with multiple underlying causes and poorly understood pathogenetic mechanisms. Animal models have been indispensable tools in experimental epilepsy research. Zebrafish (Danio rerio) are rapidly emerging as a promising model organism to study various brain disorders. Seizure-like behavioral and neurophysiological(More)
Partitioning-defective 1 (PAR1) and atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) are conserved serine/threonine protein kinases implicated in the establishment of cell polarity in many species from yeast to humans. Here we investigate the roles of these protein kinases in cell fate determination in Xenopus epidermis. Early asymmetric cell divisions at blastula and(More)
The formation of blood in the embryo is dependent on bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), but how BMP signaling intersects with other regulators of hematopoietic development is unclear. Using embryonic stem (ES) cells, we show that BMP4 first induces ventral-posterior (V-P) mesoderm and subsequently directs mesodermal cells toward blood fate by activating(More)
Germline LKB1/STK11 mutations are associated with the cancer-prone Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) in humans, and nullizygosity provokes a poorly understood constellation of developmental perturbations in the mid-gestational mouse. To gain a better understanding of the processes regulated by LKB1, we have exploited the experimental merits of the developing(More)
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) are rapidly becoming an important model organism in neuroscience research, representing an excellent species to study complex social phenotypes. Zebrafish actively form shoals, which can be used to quantify their shoaling behaviors, highly sensitive to various experimental manipulations. Recent advances in video-tracking techniques(More)