Jeremy A Guggenheim

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PURPOSE Time spent in "sports/outdoor activity" has shown a negative association with incident myopia during childhood. We investigated the association of incident myopia with time spent outdoors and physical activity separately. METHODS Participants in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) were assessed by noncycloplegic(More)
PURPOSE Evidence from human myopia genetic mapping studies (MYP3 locus), modulated animal models, and observations of glycemic control in humans suggests that insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 plays a role in the control of eye growth. This study was conducted to determine whether IGF-1 polymorphisms are associated with myopia in a large, international(More)
Refractive error is the most common eye disorder worldwide and is a prominent cause of blindness. Myopia affects over 30% of Western populations and up to 80% of Asians. The CREAM consortium conducted genome-wide meta-analyses, including 37,382 individuals from 27 studies of European ancestry and 8,376 from 5 Asian cohorts. We identified 16 new loci for(More)
Refractive errors are common eye disorders of public health importance worldwide. Ocular axial length (AL) is the major determinant of refraction and thus of myopia and hyperopia. We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for AL, combining 12,531 Europeans and 8,216 Asians. We identified eight genome-wide significant loci for AL(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether structural changes to the sclera during form-deprivation myopia are caused by active tissue remodeling, the gelatinase activity of tree shrew scleras was studied in normal animals, form-vision deprived animals, and animals recovering from myopia. METHODS Infant tree shrews were monocularly deprived (MD) of form vision with(More)
Myopia development in humans depends on a complex interplay between genetic and environmental factors. Many of those who become myopic when exposed to a myopigenic environment are likely to do so because of a genetic susceptibility, whereas others somehow remain immune. In the most intensively studied model of environmentally induced myopia,(More)
PURPOSE To determine the extent to which high myopia in a cohort of 51 U.K. families can be attributed to currently identified genetic loci. METHODS The families comprised 245 subjects with phenotypic information and DNA available, of whom 170 were classified as affected. Subjects were genotyped for microsatellite markers spanning approximately 40cM(More)
PURPOSE To estimate the sibling recurrence risk (KS) and the sibling recurrence risk ratio (lambda(S)) for high myopia in a cohort in the United Kingdom. METHOD The recurrence risks for myopia and high myopia were estimated in the siblings of 296 randomly selected high myopes ascertained from an optometric practice population. A model using an age of(More)
PURPOSE Mandel et al recently reported that season of birth and daylight hours (photoperiod) at birth were associated with moderate and high levels of myopia in Israeli conscripts. We sought to investigate whether these associations were evident in subjects from the United Kingdom (UK). DESIGN Retrospective cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS The study(More)