Jeremie Guedj

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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is present in the host with multiple variants generated by its error prone RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. Little is known about the initial viral diversification and the viral life cycle processes that influence diversity. We studied the diversification of HCV during acute infection in 17 plasma donors, with frequent sampling early in(More)
The current paradigm for studying hepatitis C virus (HCV) dynamics in patients utilizes a standard viral dynamic model that keeps track of uninfected (target) cells, infected cells, and virus. The model does not account for the dynamics of intracellular viral replication, which is the major target of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs). Here we describe(More)
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection typically resolves within 4-7 wk but symptomatic relapse occurs in up to 20% of cases. Immune mechanisms that terminate acute HAV infection, and prevent a relapse of virus replication and liver disease, are unknown. Here, patterns of T cell immunity, virus replication, and hepatocellular injury were studied in two(More)
Alisporivir is a cyclophilin inhibitor with demonstrated in vitro and in vivo activity against hepatitis C virus (HCV). We estimated the antiviral effectiveness of alisporivir alone or in combination with pegylated interferon (peg-IFN) in 88 patients infected with different HCV genotypes treated for 4 weeks. The pharmacokinetics of the two drugs were(More)
Hepatitis C viral kinetic analysis based on nonlinear mixed effect models can be used to individualize treatment. For that purpose, it is necessary to obtain precise estimation of individual parameters. Here, we evaluated by simulation the influence on Bayesian individual parameter estimation and outcome prediction of a priori information on population(More)
BACKGROUND Models of hepatitis C virus (HCV) kinetics are increasingly used to estimate and to compare in vivo drug's antiviral effectiveness of new potent anti-HCV agents. Viral kinetic parameters can be estimated using non-linear mixed effect models (NLMEM). Here we aimed to evaluate the performance of this approach to precisely estimate the parameters(More)
Fecal excretion of antibiotics and resistant bacteria in the environment are major public health threats associated with extensive farming and modern medical care. Innovative strategies that can reduce the intestinal antibiotic concentrations during treatments are in development. However, the effect of lower exposure on the amount of resistant(More)
Hézode et al. recently reported the frequent occurrence of anemia and thrombocytopenia in the ANRS-CO20-CUPIC cohort of hepatitis C virus (HCV) cirrhotic experienced patients treated with pegylated-interferon (Peg-IFN), ribavirin (RBV), and telaprevir or boceprevir.1,2 Using frequent measurements of serum drug concentrations, hemoglobin, and platelet(More)
Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) affects about 170 million people worldwide and is a major cause of liver complications. Mathematical modeling of viral kinetics under treatment has provided insight into the viral life cycle, treatment effectiveness, and drugs' mechanisms of action. Here we review the implications of viral kinetic models at the(More)
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