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Male CD-1 mice were challenged with a diabetogenic strain (E2) of coxsackievirus B4 (CVB4). At 7 weeks, 6 months, and 1 year after inoculation, mean histopathologic scores, postprandial blood glucose levels, and serum levels of antibody to islet cells were significantly elevated and mean fasting serum insulin levels significantly reduced in infected mice(More)
Extracts of Echinacea purpurea and Panax ginseng were evaluated for their capacity to stimulate cellular immune function by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from normal individuals and patients with either the chronic fatigue syndrome or the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. PBMC isolated on a Ficoll-hypaque density gradient were tested in the(More)
Patients with AIDS and Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) bacteremia are at high risk for relapse and emergence of resistant isolates during monotherapy with clarithromycin. Ninety-five AIDS patients with MAC bacteremia received clarithromycin plus clofazimine, with or without ethambutol, in a prospective, multicenter, randomized open-label trial. Of 80(More)
In humans, eight monosaccharides are required for the synthesis of glycoproteins. Dietary supplements that supply these crucial sugars are known as glyconutrients. A glyconutrient compound was added to Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMC) isolated from normal controls and patients with the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), a disease associated with(More)
Thirty patients who fulfilled clinical criteria defined by the CDC for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome were treated with alfa 2a interferon or placebo in a double-blind crossover study. Outcome was evaluated by Natural Killer (NK) cell function, lymphocyte proliferation to mitogens and soluble antigens, CD4/CD8 counts and a 10 item Quality of Life (QOL) survey.(More)
OBJECTIVE To improve the utility of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) by defining the proportion of patients with and predictors of above or below target protease inhibitor (PI) or nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) concentrations. METHODS This 48-week, multicenter, open-label clinical trial randomized patients to TDM versus standard of(More)
An all oral treatment for cryptococcal meningitis is attractive, particularly where amphotericin B use is impractical. Both fluconazole and flucytosine are available in oral formulations and have activity against Cryptococcus neoformans. We conducted a prospective phase II dose escalation study employing doses of fluconazole ranging from 800 to 2000 mg(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS In patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), the rate of relapse after primary treatment for cryptococcal meningitis remains high. We conducted a controlled, double-blind trial to evaluate the efficacy of maintenance therapy with fluconazole. At entry into the study, all participants had sterile cultures of(More)
Treatment of cryptococcal meningitis with amphotericin B or fluconazole is often unsuccessful; in only 35%-40% of cases do CSF cultures become negative by 10 weeks after initiation of such therapy. We conducted a prospective, open-label clinical trial involving persons with AIDS to determine whether the rate of clinical success would improve when(More)