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Male CD-1 mice were challenged with a diabetogenic strain (E2) of coxsackievirus B4 (CVB4). At 7 weeks, 6 months, and 1 year after inoculation, mean histopathologic scores, postprandial blood glucose levels, and serum levels of antibody to islet cells were significantly elevated and mean fasting serum insulin levels significantly reduced in infected mice(More)
Extracts of Echinacea purpurea and Panax ginseng were evaluated for their capacity to stimulate cellular immune function by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from normal individuals and patients with either the chronic fatigue syndrome or the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. PBMC isolated on a Ficoll-hypaque density gradient were tested in the(More)
Hepatitis B antigen (HB Ag) has been purified from serum by pepsin digestion and equilibrium sedimentation. The sedimentation coefficient, density, particle size, and electrophoretic mobility have been determined before and after purification and found to be unaltered. In addition, the diffusion constant and molecular weight of purified HB Ag have been(More)
Patients with AIDS and Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) bacteremia are at high risk for relapse and emergence of resistant isolates during monotherapy with clarithromycin. Ninety-five AIDS patients with MAC bacteremia received clarithromycin plus clofazimine, with or without ethambutol, in a prospective, multicenter, randomized open-label trial. Of 80(More)
OBJECTIVE We conducted a randomized, multi-site, controlled trial of a cognitive-behavioral adherence intervention for patients initiating or changing an antiretroviral (ART) regimen. DESIGN A 3 x 2 factorial design was used with the primary randomization assigning patients (1: 1: 1) to one of two adherence interventions or usual care. METHODS The(More)
In humans, eight monosaccharides are required for the synthesis of glycoproteins. Dietary supplements that supply these crucial sugars are known as glyconutrients. A glyconutrient compound was added to Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMC) isolated from normal controls and patients with the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), a disease associated with(More)
A rule-based expert system, CTSHIV Customized Treatment Strategies for HIV that recommends an individualized treatment strategy for HIV patients is described. Since the HIV virus mutates rapidly, a patient can develop a resistance to particular antiretroviral agents. CTSHIV addresses this problem by recommending a treatment strategy that avoids(More)
We have defined the optimal circumstances for the induction of human interferon alpha (Hu IFN alpha) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) using complexed polyinosinic-polycytidylic acids (poly rIrC). We have found that a poly rIrC concentration of only 0.1 microgram m/ml or 100 fold less than commonly used in fibroblasts produced maximal yields.(More)