Jer-Horng Wu

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The effect of target size on microarray hybridization efficiencies and specificity was investigated using a set of 166 oligonucleotide probes targeting the 16S rRNA gene of Escherichia coli. The targets included unfragmented native rRNA, fragmented rRNA ( approximately 20 to 100 bp), PCR amplicons (93 to 1,480 bp), and three synthetic single-stranded DNA(More)
Single mismatch (MM) present at the region where primer binds onto the template strand can greatly affect the PCR efficacy. Earlier studies revealed that PCR or primer extension is hindered by a single MM at the primer 3' end. The MMs located at other positions within a primer also have similar performance, but to what extent they can decrease the(More)
A molecular method, termed hierarchical oligonucleotide primer extension (HOPE), was used to determine the relative abundances of predominant Bacteroides spp. present in fecal microbiota and wastewaters. For this analysis, genomic DNA in feces of healthy human adults, bovines, and swine and in wastewaters was extracted and total bacterial 16S rRNA genes(More)
This study investigated the active microbial community in a full-scale granular activated carbon-anaerobic fluidized bed (GAC-AFB) reactor treating wastewater from the manufacturing of phenolic resin, using 16S rRNA-based molecular analyses. The results of cDNA from 16S rRNA revealed that Methanosaeta-related (83.9% of archaeal clones) and(More)
Active mesophilic and thermophilic phenol-degrading methanogenic consortia were obtained after an 18-month acclimation and enriching process in the serum bottles, and characterized using the rRNA-based molecular approach. As revealed by cloning, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP), these(More)
A deeper understanding of the microbial community structure is very important in bioremediation for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs). However, this has been insufficiently addressed in previous studies. To obtain more information, we pyrosequenced the V4/V5 regions of the 16S rRNA genes of bacterial communities transited from(More)
The capability of planar rRNA-based oligonucleotide microarrays for single-base-pair discrimination was evaluated using an approach that compares the non-equilibrium dissociation profiles and dissociation temperatures (Tds) of all probe-target duplexes simultaneously. Three sets of 16S rRNA gene specific probes at different levels of specificity were used(More)
A method, termed hierarchical oligonucleotide primer extension (HOPE), is developed for quantitative, multiplexing detection of DNA targets present in PCR-amplified community 16S rRNA genes. It involves strand extension reaction and multiple oligonucleotide primers modified with different lengths of polyA at the 5' end and targeting 16S rRNA genes at(More)
A method based on sequence-specific cleavage of rRNA with ribonuclease H was used to detect almost all known cultivable methanogens in anaerobic biological treatment systems. To do so, a total of 40 scissor probes in different phylogeny specificities were designed or modified from previous studies, optimized for their specificities under digestion(More)
Degradation of terephthalate (TA) through microbial syntrophy under moderately thermophilic (46 to 50°C) methanogenic conditions was characterized by using a metagenomic approach (A. Lykidis et al., ISME J. 5:122-130, 2011). To further study the activities of key microorganisms responsible for the TA degradation, community analysis and shotgun proteomics(More)