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Microarchitectural redundancy has been proposed as a means of improving chip lifetime reliability. It is typically used in a reactive way, allowing chips to maintain operability in the presence of failures by detecting and isolating, correcting, and/or replacing components on a first-come, first-served basis only after they become faulty. In this paper, we(More)
Modern processor systems are equipped with on-chip or on-board power controllers. In this paper, we examine the challenges and pitfalls in architecting such dynamic power management control systems. A key question that we pose is: How to ensure that such managed systems are "energy-secure" and how to pursue pre-silicon modeling to ensure such security? In(More)
Routing algorithms are traditionally evaluated under Poisson-like traffic distributions. This type of traffic is smooth over large time intervals and has been shown not necessarily to be representative to that of real network loads in parallel processing and communication environments. Bursty traffic, on the other hand, has been shown to be more(More)
—The design of high-performance servers has always been a challenging art. Now, server designers are being asked to explore a much larger design space as they consider multicore heterogeneous architecture and the limits of advancing silicon technology. Bringing automation to the early stages of design can enable more rapid and accurate trade-off analysis.(More)
Next generation system designs are challenged by multiple "walls": among them, the inter-related impediments offered by power dissipation limits and reliability are particularly difficult ones that all current chip/system design teams are grappling with. In this paper, we first describe the attendant challenges in integrated (multi-dimensional) pre-silicon(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to evaluate the correlation, according to postnatal age, between plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and echocardiographic parameters for the assessment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants with respiratory distress. METHODS We enrolled 42 preterm infants with respiratory distress who underwent serial(More)
Survival of very-low-birth-weight infants (VLBWI) depends on professional perinatal management that begins at delivery. Korean Neonatal Network data on neonatal resuscitation management and initial care of VLBWI of less than 33 weeks gestation born from January 2013 to June 2014 were reviewed to investigate the current practice of neonatal resuscitation in(More)