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We have demonstrated the successful production of titanium phosphate glass microspheres in the size range of ∼10-200 μm using an inexpensive, efficient, easily scalable process and assessed their use in bone tissue engineering applications. Glasses of the following compositions were prepared by melt-quench techniques: 0.5P₂O₅-0.4CaO-(0.1-x)Na₂O-xTiO₂, where(More)
Functional nanofibrous materials composed of gelatin-apatite-poly(lactide-co-caprolactone) (PLCL) were produced using an electrospinning process. A gelatin-apatite precipitate, which mimicked bone extracellular matrix, was homogenized in an organic solvent using various concentrations of PLCL. A fibrous structure with approximate diameters of a few hundred(More)
This study reports the preparation of novel porous scaffolds of calcium phosphate cement (CPC) combined with alginate, and their potential usefulness as a three-dimensional (3-D) matrix for drug delivery and tissue engineering of bone. An α-tricalcium phosphate-based powder was mixed with sodium alginate solution and then directly injected into a fibrous(More)
Scalable expansion of cells for regenerative cell therapy or to produce large quantities for high-throughput screening remains a challenge for bioprocess engineers. Laboratory scale cell expansion using t-flasks requires frequent passaging that exposes cells to many poorly defined bioprocess forces that can cause damage or alter their phenotype.(More)
Calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) have recently gained great interest as injectable bone substitutes for use in dentistry and orthopedics. α-tricalcium phosphate (α-TCP) is a popularly used precursor powder for CPCs. When mixed with appropriate content of liquid and kept under aqueous conditions, α-TCP dissolves to form a calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite and(More)
As a way to modify both the physical and biological properties of a highly elastic and degradable polyurethane (PU), silk fibroin (SF) was blended with the PU at differing ratios. With increasing SF content, the tensile strength decreased as did the strain at break; the stiffness increased to around 35 MPa for the highest silk content. C2C12 (a mouse(More)
Biphasic scaffolds have gained increasing attention for the regeneration of osteochondral interfacial tissue because they are expected to effectively define the interfacial structure of tissue that comprises stratified cartilage with a degree of calcification. Here, we propose a biphasic nanofiber construct made of poly(lactide-co-caprolactone) (PLCL) and(More)
Microspherical particulates have been an attractive form of biomaterials that find usefulness in cell delivery and tissue engineering. A variety of compositions, including bioactive ceramics, degradable polymers, and their composites, have been developed into a microsphere form and have demonstrated the potential to fill defective bone and to populate(More)
Tissue engineering of stem cells in concert with 3-dimensional (3D) scaffolds is a promising approach for regeneration of bone tissues. Bioactive ceramic microspheres are considered effective 3D stem cell carriers for bone tissue engineering. Here we used evacuated calcium phosphate (CaP) microspheres as the carrier of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived(More)
Here, we prepared self-setting calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) based on α-tricalcium phosphate with the incorporation of sodium alginate, and their mechanical properties and in vitro cellular responses were investigated. The addition of alginate enhanced the hardening reaction of CPCs showing shorter setting times within a range of powder-to-liquid ratios.(More)