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Hot pepper is one of the economically important crops in Asia. A large number of gene sequences, including expressed sequence tag (EST) and genomic sequences are publicly available. However, it is still a daunting task to determine gene function due to difficulties in genetic modification of a pepper plants. Here, we show the application of the(More)
Tumor hypoxia is significant in promoting tumor progression and resistance to therapy, and hypoxia‑inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) is essential in the adaptive response of cells to hypoxia. The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of hypoxic markers and evaluate their prognostic significance in soft tissue sarcoma (STS). A retrospective(More)
Although imatinib is considered as a front line therapy in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), it is still unclear whether transient imatinib discontinuation may adversely affect the outcome. This study was conducted to investigate long-term outcome after discontinuation and resumption of imatinib, and to determine whether intermittent imatinib(More)
The genes and proteins of the HSP70 family, are involved in important processes in cells and organelles at normal temperature and after heat stress. ConstitutiveHsc70 and heat-inducibleHsp70 genes are known in all organisms including plants. The goal of our present investigation was to generate anHsp70 mutation inArabidopsis thaliana. In a transgenic(More)
Prohibitin, which consists of two subunits PHB1 and PHB2, plays a role in cell-cycle progression, senescence, apoptosis, and maintenance of mitochondrial function in mammals and yeast. In this study, we examined the role of prohibitins in plants by using virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) of two prohibitin subunit genes of Nicotiana benthamiana, designated(More)
PURPOSE Punctate inner choroidopathy (PIC) is an ocular inflammatory disease. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) allows detailed visualization of retinal and choroidal structures. We aimed to describe the retinal changes on SD-OCT associated with PIC lesions localized in the macula. METHODS Retrospective case series: PIC lesions not(More)
Despite durable responses to imatinib in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), mutations in Bcr-Abl kinase domain (KD) are known to induce imatinib resistance and cause poor clinical outcome. We characterized Bcr-Abl KD mutations in 137 Korean CML patients with imatinib resistance (n = 111) or intolerance (n = 26) using allele specific oligonucleotide polymerase(More)
CHRK1 is a receptor-like kinase containing a chitinase-related sequence in the extracellular domain in Nicotiana tabacum. The previous study indicated that CHRK1 plays a role in a signaling pathway regulating plant development and the endogenous cytokinin levels. In this study, we identified NtPUB4 as a CHRK1-interacting protein using yeast two-hybrid(More)
Heat shock factors (HSF) are the transcriptional activators of the heat shock response. The conversion of constitutively expressed HSF to a form that can bind DNA requires the trimerization of the protein, involving leucine zipper interactions as shown for yeast,Drosophila, chicken and human HSFs. Like other metazoan HSFs, the endogenousArabidopsis HSF(More)
We describe detailed clinical, biochemical, neuroimaging and neuropathological features in adult-onset leukoencephalopathy with axonal spheroids and pigmented glia (ALSP), encompassing hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with axonal spheroids (HDLS) and pigmentary orthochromatic leukodystrophy (POLD), linked to colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor(More)