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Protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) is known to be involved in epidermal permeability barrier function homeostasis. PAR-2 activation occurs after barrier disruption and further activation of PAR-2 by activating peptide significantly delays barrier recovery rate. Cockroach and house dust mite allergens, both known to be associated with the development of(More)
Fluid and electrolyte homeostasis is a fundamental physiological function required for survival and is associated with a plethora of diseases when aberrant. Systemic fluid and electrolyte composition is regulated by the kidney, and all secretory epithelia generate biological fluids with defined electrolyte composition by vectorial transport of ions and the(More)
Ca(2+) entering cells through store-operated channels (SOCs) affects most cell functions, and excess SOC is associated with pathologies. The molecular makeup of SOCs and their mechanisms of gating were clarified with the discovery of the Orais and STIM1. Another form of SOCs are the TRPCs. STIM1 gates both Orai and TRPC channels but does so by different(More)
Mammalian chitinase released by airway epithelia is thought to be an important mediator of disease manifestation in an experimental model of asthma. However, the intracellular signaling mechanisms engaged by exogenous chitinase in human airway epithelial cells are unknown. Here, we investigated the direct effects of exogenous chitinase from Streptomyces(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Receptor-stimulated Ca(2+) influx is a critical component of the Ca(2+) signal and mediates all cellular functions regulated by Ca(2+). However, excessive Ca(2+) influx is highly toxic, resulting in cell death, which is the nodal point in all forms of pancreatitis. Ca(2+) influx is mediated by store-operated channels (SOCs). The identity(More)
Polarized Ca(2+) signals in secretory epithelial cells are determined by compartmentalized localization of Ca(2+) signaling proteins at the apical pole. Recently the ER Ca(2+) sensor STIM1 (stromal interaction molecule 1) and the Orai channels were shown to play a critical role in store-dependent Ca(2+) influx. STIM1 also gates the transient receptor(More)
Both TRPC6 and reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in regulating vascular function. However, their interplay has not been explored. The present study examined whether activation of TRPC6 in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) by ROS was a physiological mechanism for regulating vascular tone by vasoconstrictors. In A7r5 cells, arginine(More)
RANKL is essential for the terminal differentiation of monocytes/macrophages into osteoclasts. RANKL induces long-lasting oscillations in the intracellular concentration of Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) only after 24 h of stimulation. These Ca(2+) oscillations play a switch-on role in NFATc1 expression and osteoclast differentiation. Which Ca(2+) transporting(More)
Transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels mediate a critical part of the receptor-evoked Ca(2+) influx. TRPCs are gated open by the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) sensor STIM1. Here we asked which stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) and TRPC domains mediate the interaction between them and how this interaction is used to open the channels. We(More)