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AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of urinary tubular markers, interleukin-18 (IL-18) and angiotensinogen with albuminuria in early nephropathy of type 2 diabetics. METHODS Urine levels of tubular markers (kidney injury molecule [KIM]-1, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin [NGAL] and liver-type fatty acid-binding protein(More)
Metabolic syndrome (MS) has 2 conflicting factors: obesity known to be protective against osteoporosis and an inflammation that activates bone resorption. The aim of this study was to evaluate the difference of bone mineral density(BMD) in women with or without MS according to menopausal state. This is a cross-sectional study of 2,265(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that reduced heart rate variability (HRV) and hypovitaminosis D are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, few reports have investigated the effects of vitamin D on HRV. This cross-sectional study analyzed serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and HRV indices using 5-min R-R interval recordings with an(More)
Acupuncture treatment is generally regarded as a relatively safe procedure. However, most procedures have some complications and acupuncture treatment is no exception. Reported complications of acupuncture treatment were mostly mild or temporary symptoms, but certain severe adverse effects were also observed. We report here for the first time a case of(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that male hypogonadism is associated with a low level of vitamin D. However, no reports have investigated the effects of vitamin D on testosterone levels in Korean men. Our aim was to investigate whether testosterone levels are associated with serum vitamin D levels and whether seasonal variation exists. This(More)
n-3 fatty acids and lifestyle also are closely related to risk of CVD. Most Koreans have higher fish consumption than people of Western populations. However, little is known about the recommended value of omega-3 index in Korean patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) taking statins. Here, we tested the hypothesis that lower omega-3(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The objective of this study was to determine whether insulin resistance is associated with gallbladder stone formation in Korean women based on menopausal status. METHODS The study included 4,125 consecutive Korean subjects (30-79 years of age). Subjects who had a medical history of diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, other(More)
BACKGROUND Several biological markers have been identified as risk factors for cardiovascular disease and are associated with increased risk of metabolic syndrome. We thus compared biomarkers and their association with metabolic syndrome. METHODS We measured the white blood cell count, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, homeostasis model assessment of(More)
OBJECTIVE Breast arterial calcifications (BACs) are common but underreported findings on mammography. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between BACs, metabolic syndrome (MS), and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This was a case-control study. A total of 101 women with BACs and 101 age-matched controls(More)
BACKGROUND Serum amylase has recently been shown to be associated with ghrelin and adiponectin as well as obesity. We investigated the relationship between total amylase and metabolic syndrome in adults. METHODS 4495 adults were enrolled. All subjects denied any medical history or status of a disorder that could influence their serum amylase.(More)