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Mesenchymal cells are able to differentiate into several distinct cell types, including osteoblasts and adipocytes. The commitment to a particular lineage may be regulated by specific transcription factors. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma), acting in conjunction with CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-alpha, has been suggested as a(More)
Focal cortical dysplasia type II (FCDII) is a sporadic developmental malformation of the cerebral cortex characterized by dysmorphic neurons, dyslamination and medically refractory epilepsy. It has been hypothesized that FCD is caused by somatic mutations in affected regions. Here, we used deep whole-exome sequencing (read depth, 412-668×) validated by(More)
Glycyrrhizin is the major active component extracted from licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) roots, one of the most widely used herbal preparations for the treatment of liver disorders. This study evaluated the potential beneficial effect of glycyrrhizin in a mouse model of carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced liver injury. The mice were treated(More)
Electroporation is widely used to achieve gene transfection. A common problem in electroporation is that it has a lower viability than any other transfection method. In this study, we developed a novel electroporation device using a capillary tip and a pipette that was effective on a wide range of mammalian cells, including cell lines, primary cells, and(More)
Several mycobacterial strains, such as Mycobacterium flavescens, Mycobacterium gastri, Mycobacterium neoaurum, Mycobacterium parafortuitum, Mycobacterium peregrinum, Mycobacterium phlei, Mycobacterium smegmatis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and Mycobacterium vaccae, were found to grow on carbon monoxide (CO) as the sole source of carbon and energy. These(More)
Eight compounds were isolated from the methanol fraction of Lindera erythrocarpa and assessed for their ability to protect H9c2 cardiomyocytes against oxidative stress-induced cell death. Three of the compounds significantly reduced the release of lactate dehydrogenase from H9c2 cardiomyocytes treated with buthionine-[S,R]-sulfoximine and reduced the uptake(More)
Renal tubulo-interstitial inflammation is frequently associated with polyuria and urine concentration defects. This led us to investigate the effects of the major pro-inflammatory nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) pathway on aquaporin 2 (AQP2) expression by the collecting duct. Using immortalized collecting duct principal cells (mpkCCDcl4), we found that,(More)
Despite the many potential therapeutic applications of iron oxide nanoparticle such as its use as an imaging and targeting tool, its biological effects have not yet been extensively characterized. Herein, we report that iron oxide nanoparticles taken up by PC12 cells can enhance neurite outgrowth. PC12 cells exposed to both iron oxide nanoparticles and(More)
Tyrosinase is a key enzyme for melanin biosynthesis, and hyperpigmentation disorders are associated with abnormal accumulation of melanin pigments, which can be improved by treatment with depigmenting agents. In the present study, piperlonguminine from Piper longum was discovered to inhibit melanin production in melanoma B16 cells stimulated with(More)
We present architecture for implementing independent, extensible, and interoperable clinical decision support service based on guideline-based clinical knowledge. In our architecture knowledge engine is critical component for implementing knowledge service. SAGE is very powerful knowledge representation for guideline modeling and well-defined knowledge(More)