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Three experiments investigated visual search for singleton feature targets. The critical dimension on which the target differed from the nontargets was either known in advance or unknown--that is, the critical difference varied either within a dimension or across dimensions. Previous work (Treisman, 1988) had shown that, while the search reaction time (RT)(More)
This article reviews the growing body of scientific work in artificial chemistry. First, common motivations and fundamental concepts are introduced. Second, current research activities are discussed along three application dimensions: modeling, information processing, and optimization. Finally, common phenomena among the different systems are summarized. It(More)
We present the system SIGEL that combines the simulation and visualization of robots with a Genetic Programming system for the automated evolution of walking. It is designed to automatically generate control programs for arbitrary robots without depending on detailed analytical information of the robots' kinematic structure. Different fitness functions as(More)
In this paper a method is presented that decreases the necessary number of evaluations in Evolutionary Algorithms. A classifier with confidence information is evolved to replace time consuming evaluations during tournament selection. Experimental analysis of a mathematical example and the application of the method to the problem of evolving walking patterns(More)
This paper presents a mobile assistance system for service and maintenance personnel in industrial facilities. It provides an innovative interaction metaphor designed to fit domain specific working conditions. As a result of a strictly user-centered design process, the presented system follows the principles of <i>Embodied Interaction</i>. The system is(More)