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MOTIVATION Next-generation sequencing technology enables an entirely new perspective for clinical research and will speed up personalized medicine. In contrast to microarray-based approaches, RNA-Seq analysis provides a much more comprehensive and unbiased view of gene expression. Although the perspective is clear and the long-term success of this new(More)
Histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) is a chromatin modifier involved in epigenetic regulation of cell cycle, apoptosis, and differentiation that is upregulated commonly in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we show that specific targeting of this HDAC isoform is sufficient to inhibit HCC progression. siRNA-mediated silencing of HDAC inhibited(More)
BACKGROUND Liver cirrhosis develops as a terminal complication of chronic liver disease. The clinical course is determined by the underlying etiology and the accompanying risk factors, which are influenced by the geographic and cultural background. METHODS A total of 236 patients (159 men, 77 women, median age 57 [22-81] years) were included for(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Human primary liver cancer is classified into biologically distinct subgroups based on cellular origin. Liver cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been recently described. We investigated the ability of distinct lineages of hepatic cells to become liver CSCs and the phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity of primary liver cancer. METHODS We(More)
Epigenomic changes such as aberrant hypermethylation and subsequent atypical gene silencing are characteristic features of human cancer. Here, we report a comprehensive characterization of epigenomic modulation caused by zebularine, an effective DNA methylation inhibitor, in human liver cancer. Using transcriptomic and epigenomic profiling, we identified a(More)
The two dominant models of carcinogenesis postulate stochastic (clonal evolution) or hierarchic organization of tumor (cancer stem cell model). According to the latter, at the germinal center of tumor evolution is a cancer stem cell (CSC) which, similar to normal adult stem cells, possesses the capacity of self-renewal and a differentiation potential. Over(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that many, perhaps all solid tumors contain a subset of cells that possess functional properties similar to the normal tissue stem cells, including self-renewal, unlimited proliferative capacity, and pluripotency. The hierarchical cancer model that places a cancer stem cell (CSC) population at the apex of tumor formation is(More)
Despite great progress in diagnosis and management of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the exact biology of the tumor remains poorly understood overall limiting the patients' outcome. Detailed analysis and characterization of the molecular mechanisms and subsequently individual prediction of corresponding prognostic traits would revolutionize both diagnosis(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/c-Met supports a pleiotrophic signal transduction pathway that controls stem cell homeostasis. Here, we directly addressed the role of c-Met in stem-cell-mediated liver regeneration by utilizing mice harboring c-met floxed alleles and Alb-Cre or Mx1-Cre transgenes. To activate oval cells, the hepatic stem cell (HSC)(More)