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Seven and a half year clinical experience with the CarboMedics prosthetic heart valve is presented. A total of 287 valves were inserted in 277 patients. The first 132 patients were followed in a prospective, and the remaining 145 patients in a partly prospective and partly retrospective manner. The follow up was 98.9% complete with a total of 1,055(More)
The appearance of perivalvular cavities (PCs) in patients with infectious endocarditis (IE) was studied by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) color Doppler examinations to determine whether the color Doppler TEE presentation was in keeping with the current concept of PCs representing abscesses. Two heart centers participated in the study. Videotape(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of the lung recruitment maneuver on circulation following cardiac surgery. DESIGN AND SETTING Prospective randomized cross-over study at the Departments of Anesthesia and Thoracic Surgery, Copenhagen University Hospital. PATIENTS Ten adult undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. INTERVENTIONS Patients were randomized(More)
Ninety-eight patients, who developed atrial fibrillation/flutter after coronary artery bypass grafting within 1-6 days after surgery, were included into a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial to assess the efficacy and safety of dofetilide. Patients were randomly allocated to dofetilide 4 micrograms/kg i.v. (n = 33), dofetilide 8 micrograms/kg(More)
BACKGROUND Central nervous system damage remains a feared complication after heart operations. Air embolism (AE) is one of several possible causes of central nervous system damage. In previous studies, intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (ITEE) has been used to detect AE, but identification of the periods of risk and the origin of AE is lacking.(More)
OBJECTIVE Standard treatment of patients with infective endocarditis is radical debridement and valve replacement, in cases with advanced pathology the treatment is usually root replacement with either a composite graft or a homograft. Enthusiasm for the use of the Ross operation in non-infective aortic valve disease is increasing, but use of the pulmonary(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY In order to prevent prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE), the implantation of a new silver-coated sewing ring has been introduced to provide peri- and postoperative protection against microbial infection. METHODS A 56-year-old woman with aortic stenosis had elective replacement with a St. Jude Medical mechanical valve fitted(More)
A population survey was conducted on 3608 randomly selected Danes aged 30, 40, 50 and 60 years respectively. Of these, 3400 were not in medical treatment for arterial hypertension. The following parameters were investigated: sex, age, serum lipid levels (total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides), presence of diabetes mellitus, height, body mass(More)
The Ross operation has been performed for more than 25 years and its popularity has increased dramatically in recent years. We developed an interest in this procedure through a combination of a basic dissatisfaction with a device that requires life-long anticoagulation and the belief that a vital, autologous tissue valve with normal valve morphology and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY The CarboMedics bileaflet prosthetic heart valve was first implanted as part of a prospective clinical study at the authors' institution in November 1987. The patient cohort included was part of a multicenter trial set up by the manufacturer for an FDA application. The present report details findings over a 15-year period,(More)