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BACKGROUND Nanoliposomal irinotecan showed activity in a phase 2 study in patients with metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma previously treated with gemcitabine-based therapies. We assessed the effect of nanoliposomal irinotecan alone or combined with fluorouracil and folinic acid in a phase 3 trial in this population. METHODS We did a global,(More)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Recently, we have shown that Notch1 inhibition resulted in substantial cell death of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells in vitro. New compounds targeting Notch signal transduction have been developed and are now being tested in clinical trials. However, the tumorigenic role of(More)
BACKGROUND The Ras and Notch signaling pathways are frequently activated during development to control many diverse cellular processes and are often dysregulated during tumorigenesis. To study the role of Notch and oncogenic Kras signaling in a progenitor cell population, Pdx1-Cre mice were utilized to generate conditional oncogenic Kras(G12D) mice with(More)
As chemokine receptor CCR1 and CCR5 expression on circulating leukocytes is thought to contribute to leukocyte recruitment during renal fibrosis, the authors examined the effects of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) in mice deficient for CCR1 or CCR5. Analysis of UUO kidneys from CCR1-deficient mice revealed a reduction of interstitial macrophages and(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression and activation are hallmarks of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Although EGFR-targeted therapies are used, the prognosis of NSCLC remains poor. ADAM17 induces activation of the EGFR through ligand cleavage. However, we show that inhibition or knockdown of ADAM17 markedly reduces tumorigenesis and(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains one of the most lethal of all malignancies with a frightening resistance to chemotherapeutic and targeted approaches. Recent evidence defines how EGF receptor is involved in tumor formation, which may lead to novel approaches for PDAC prevention and therapy. Besides lung cancer and some colon cancers, PDAC is(More)
To explore the potential of grating-based x-ray phase-contrast computed tomography (CT) for preclinical research, a genetically engineered mouse model of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) was investigated. One ex-vivo mouse specimen was scanned with different grating-based phase-contrast CT imaging setups covering two different settings: i)(More)
The implementation of hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography (FMT) and X-ray computed tomography (CT) has been shown to be a necessary development, not only for combining anatomical with functional and molecular contrast, but also for generating optical images of high accuracy. FMT affords highly sensitive 3-D imaging of fluorescence bio-distribution, but(More)
Sir, In a paper published on the October 1 issue, Frost (2013) analysed mortality from mesothelioma among members of the Great Britain Asbestos Survey (GBAS), to test whether higher asbestos exposure shortened mesothelioma latency. The author applied accelerated failure time models to estimate time ratios and concluded that there was not sufficient evidence(More)
The identification of new biomarkers for preneoplastic pancreatic lesions (PanINs, IPMNs) and early pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is crucial due to the diseases high mortality rate upon late detection. To address this task we used the novel technique of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) on(More)