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Language proficiency is a key to academic and workplace success for native and non-native speakers. It is largely unknown, however, why some people pick up languages more easily than others. We used event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (e-fMRI) to elucidate which brain regions are modulated during the acquisition of a novel lexicon and which(More)
Automated gray matter segmentation of magnetic resonance imaging data is essential for morphometric analyses of the brain, particularly when large sample sizes are investigated. However, although detection of small structural brain differences may fundamentally depend on the method used, both accuracy and reliability of different automated segmentation(More)
Various methods have been proposed to calculate a lateralization index (LI) on the basis of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. Most of them are either based on the extent of the activated brain region (i.e., the number of "active" voxels) or the magnitude of the fMRI signal change. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the(More)
Previous studies have suggested beneficial effects of physical activity on cognition. Here, we asked in an interventional approach if physical activity performed at different intensity levels would differentially affect episodic memory function. Additionally, we tried to identify mechanisms mediating these changes. Sixty-two healthy elderly individuals were(More)
Atypical, right-hemisphere language dominance is poorly understood. It is often observed in patients with brain reorganization due to lesions early in life. It can also be encountered in seemingly normal individuals. We compared the patterns of neural language activation in 7 individuals with left- and 7 with right-hemisphere language dominance, none of(More)
Genome-wide association studies identified the single nucleotide polymorphism rs1344706 in ZNF804A as a common risk-variant for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Whereas the molecular function of ZNF804A is yet unclear, recent imaging genetics studies have started to characterize the neural systems architecture linking rs1344706 genotype to psychosis.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES A tight link between linguistic functions and activation of motor areas has been consistently reported, indicating that the 2 systems share functional neural resources. Few efforts have been made to explore whether this knowledge could aid the rehabilitation of aphasia. METHODS The authors assessed whether preactivation of the(More)
Language is considered a function of either the left or, in exceptional cases, the right side of the brain. Functional imaging studies show, however, that in the general population a graded continuum from left hemispheric to right hemispheric language lateralization exists. To determine the functional relevance of lateralization differences, we suppressed(More)
The cerebral cortex reorganizes in response to central or peripheral lesions. Although basal ganglia and cerebellum are key components of the network dedicated to movement control, their role in motor reorganization remains elusive. We therefore tested if slowly progressive neurodegenerative motor disease alters the subcortical functional anatomy of the(More)
BACKGROUND Genome-wide association studies have identified the rs1006737 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the CACNA1C gene as a susceptibility locus for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. On the neural systems level this association is explained by altered functioning of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and the hippocampal formation (HF),(More)