Jens Schumacher

Learn More
To facilitate future carbon and nutrient inventories, we used mixed-effect linear models to develop new generic biomass functions for Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) in Central Europe. We present both the functions and their respective variance-covariance matrices and illustrate their application for biomass prediction and uncertainty estimation for(More)
Biodiversity is rapidly declining, and this may negatively affect ecosystem processes, including economically important ecosystem services. Previous studies have shown that biodiversity has positive effects on organisms and processes across trophic levels. However, only a few studies have so far incorporated an explicit food-web perspective. In an(More)
BACKGROUND The different hypotheses proposed to explain positive species richness-productivity relationships, i.e. selection effect and complementarity effect, imply that plant functional characteristics are at the core of a mechanistic understanding of biodiversity effects. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We used two community-wide measures of plant(More)
Leaves and samples of recent wood of Eucalyptus species were collected along a rainfall gradient parallel to the coast of Western Australia between Perth in the north and Walpole in the south and along a southwest to northeast transect from Walpole in southwestern Australia, to near Mount Olga in central Australia. The collection included 65 species of(More)
The rate at which a plant species is attacked by invertebrate herbivores has been hypothesized to depend on plant species richness, yet empirical evidence is scarce. Current theory predicts higher herbivore damage in monocultures than in species-rich mixtures. We quantified herbivore damage by insects and molluscs to plants in experimental plots established(More)
Ecologists increasingly use spatial statistics to study vegetation patterns. Mostly, however, these techniques are applied in a purely descriptive fashion without a priori statements on the pattern characteristics expected. We formulated such a priori predictions in a study of spatial pattern in a semi-arid Karoo shrubland, South Africa. Both seed dispersal(More)
Leaf carbon isotope discrimination (delta13C) was widely considered to directly reflect the rainfall environment in which the leaf developed, but recent observations have queried this. The relationship between delta13C and rainfall was explored in Eucalyptus species growing along a rainfall gradient in Australia. The leaves of 43 species of Eucalyptus and(More)
Nuclear intermediate filaments (IFs) are made from fibrous proteins termed lamins that assemble, in association with several transmembrane proteins of the inner nuclear membrane and an unknown number of chromatin proteins, into a filamentous scaffold called the nuclear lamina. In man, three types of lamins with significant sequence identity, i.e. lamin A/C,(More)
The relevance of the u-PA system in mediating tumor-associated proteolysis, invasion and metastasis, amongst other phenomena associated with tumor progression, has been clearly demonstrated in diverse cancer entities. This review will update on the biological and clinical relevance of the urokinase-receptor (u-PAR). Specifically, the article focuses on the(More)
Plant diversity has been shown to increase community biomass in experimental communities, but the mechanisms resulting in such positive biodiversity effects have remained largely unknown. We used a large-scale six-year biodiversity experiment near Jena, Germany, to examine how aboveground community biomass in grasslands is affected by different components(More)