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Targeted monitoring of analgesia, sedation and delirium, as well as their appropriate management in critically ill patients is a standard of care in intensive care medicine. With the undisputed advantages of goal-oriented therapy established, there was a need to develop our own guidelines on analgesia and sedation in intensive care in Germany and these were(More)
INTRODUCTION Mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) has been shown to result in better neurological outcome after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may also be beneficial in patients after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS A selected cohort study of 2,973 prospectively documented adult OHCA patients within(More)
Supraglottic airway devices are developed with increasing frequency following the overwhelming success of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA). Currently, the LMA, the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA), the laryngeal tube (LT), the laryngeal tube with integrated suctioning tube (LTS) and the oesophageal tracheal combitube (OTC) are the best evaluated and most(More)
Alfentanil, fentanyl and sufentanil are synthetic opioid analgesics acting at specific opioid receptors. These opioids are widely used as analgesics to supplement general anaesthesia for various surgical procedures or as primary anaesthetic agents in very high doses during cardiac surgery. Fentanyl and sufentanil especially are administered via infusion for(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant hyperthermia (MH), heat stroke, and exercise-induced rhabdomyolysis (ER) were suspected to be related syndromes. However, it is not known whether individuals with history of ER have an increased incidence of susceptibility to MH. To establish an association between ER and susceptibility to MH, the authors determined the MH status in(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Sugammadex, a modified gamma-cyclodextrin, is a selective relaxant-binding agent designed to reverse the effects of the steroidal neuromuscular blocking agents rocuronium or vecuronium. This study compared the efficacy of sugammadex and neostigmine for reversal of neuromuscular blockade induced by rocuronium for facilitating(More)
BACKGROUND All general anesthetics used are known to have a negative inotropic side effect. Since xenon does not have a negative inotropic effect, it could be an interesting future general anesthetic. The aim of this clinical multicenter trial was to test the hypothesis of whether recovery after xenon anesthesia is faster compared with an accepted,(More)
BACKGROUND Administration of serotonin2 (5-HT2) receptor agonists in pigs triggers malignant hyperthermia (MH) and psychotic-like behavior. Both can be reduced by 5-HT2 receptor antagonists. Furthermore, an increase in the plasma concentration of 5-HT has been found during onset of halothane-induced MH in pigs. Therefore, in this study, the in vitro effects(More)
OBJECTIVE Dynamic variables of fluid responsiveness such as pulse pressure variation (PPV) and stroke volume variation (SVV) have been shown to reliably predict the response to fluid administration in different patient populations. The influence of increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) on the predictive ability of these variables is currently under(More)