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OBJECTIVES Olfactory function is known to be modulated by repeated exposure to odors. The aim of this investigation was whether patients with olfactory loss would benefit from "Training" with odors in terms of an improvement of their general olfactory function. It was hypothesized that olfactory Training should produce both an improved sensitivity towards(More)
We investigated the frequency and prognostic significance of qualitative olfactory dysfunction (parosmia, phantosmia) in a retrospective patient based study. A total of 392 patients with impairment of olfaction were tested at least two times for their olfactory function using the “Sniffin’ Sticks”. The mean interval between the first and the last test was(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the outcome of olfactory function in patients with olfactory loss following infections of the upper respiratory tract (post-URTI) or head trauma. DESIGN Retrospective patient-based study. SETTING Smell and Taste Outpatient Clinic at a university hospital. PATIENTS A total of 361 patients (228 women, 133 men) were included. (More)
Hyposmia is one of the early signs in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). Olfactory stimuli were applied during fMRI scanning to show disease-related modulation of central nervous system structures and to advance our understanding of olfactory dysfunction in PD patients. All participants received either unpleasant stimuli that smelled like rotten eggs or(More)
The olfactory bulb is a highly plastic structure the volume of which partly reflects the degree of afferent neural activity. In this study, 22 patients with post-infectious olfactory deficit, nine participants with post-traumatic olfactory deficit, and 17 healthy controls underwent magnetic resonance volumetry of the olfactory bulb. Patients presented with(More)
HYPOTHESIS We investigated whether olfactory dysfunction following infections of the upper respiratory tract (post-URTI) has an incidence matching the seasonality of URTIs. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective study. METHODS In total, 457 patients (126 male, 331 female) with post-URTI olfactory loss were examined during a 6-year-period (1999-2004). Their records(More)
Olfactory dysfunction is a common symptom in patients with inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Among numerous drugs, so far only the use of steroids has been shown to have a positive effect on olfactory function. Therefore the aim of the present study was to investigate whether patients with sinonasal disease would benefit in terms of olfactory function from(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Little is known about the clinical significance of phantosmia. The literature on phantosmia indicates that this symptom has a wide range of differential diagnoses. However, most cases of phantosmia remain of unknown origin. Our goal was to follow up patients with idiopathic phantosmia, with special regard to improvement rates and possible(More)
OBJECTIVES Odor perception does not simply consist in hierarchical processing from transduction to a single "true" cerebral representation. Odor sensation may be modulated by available sensory information during encoding. The present study set out to examine whether the presence of a pure trigeminal stimulus during odor encoding may modulate odor perception(More)
UNLABELLED Flavor is a result of the complex combination of olfactory, gustatory and trigeminal sensations perceived during oral processing of foods, including thermal, painful, tactile and/or kinesthetic effects. Aim of this study was to better understand interactions between synchronous tactile (texture) and olfactory (odor) sensations, using a(More)