Jens R Coorssen

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Ca(2+)-triggered exocytosis was studied in single rat melanotrophs and bovine chromaffin cells by capacitance measurements. Sustained exocytosis required MgATP, but even in the absence of MgATP, Ca2+ could trigger exocytosis of 2700 granules in a typical melanotroph and of 840 granules in a chromaffin cell. Granules undergoing ATP-independent exocytosis(More)
The process of regulated exocytosis is defined by the Ca2+-triggered fusion of two apposed membranes, enabling the release of vesicular contents. This fusion step involves a number of energetically complex steps and requires both protein and lipid membrane components. The role of cholesterol has been investigated using isolated release-ready native cortical(More)
We have tracked the cell surface area of CHO cells by measuring the membrane capacitance, Cm. An increase in cytosolic [Ca2+], [Ca2+]i, increased the cell surface area by 20-30%. At micromolar [Ca2+]i the increase occurred in minutes, while at 20 microM or higher [Ca2+]i it occurred in seconds and was transient. GTPgammaS caused a 3% increase even at 0.1(More)
The homotypic fusion of sea urchin egg cortical vesicles (CV) is a system in which to correlate the biochemistry and physiology of membrane fusion. Homologues of vesicle-associated membrane protein (VAMP), syntaxin, and SNAP-25 were identified in CV membranes. A VAMP and syntaxin immunoreactive band at a higher apparent molecular mass (approximately 70 kDa)(More)
Cortical vesicles (CV) possess components critical to the mechanism of exocytosis. The homotypic fusion of CV centrifuged or settled into contact has a sigmoidal Ca2+ activity curve comparable to exocytosis (CV-PM fusion). Here we show that Sr2+ and Ba2+ also trigger CV-CV fusion, and agents affecting different steps of exocytotic fusion block Ca2+, Sr2+,(More)
Despite groundbreaking work to identify numerous proteins and to focus attention on molecular interactions, the mechanism of calcium-triggered membrane fusion remains unresolved. A major difficulty in such research has been the many overlapping and interacting membrane trafficking steps in the secretory pathway, including those of membrane retrieval.(More)
The Ca(2+)-triggered merger of two apposed membranes is the defining step of regulated exocytosis. CHOL is required at critical levels in secretory vesicle membranes to enable efficient, native membrane fusion: CHOL-sphingomyelin enriched microdomains organize the site and regulate fusion efficiency, and CHOL directly supports the capacity for membrane(More)
Proteomic analyses using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) depend heavily upon the quality of protein stains for sensitive detection. Indeed, detection rather than protein resolution is likely a current limiting factor in 2DE. The recent development of fluorescent protein stains has dramatically improved the sensitivity of in-gel protein detection(More)
The recently developed MALDI TOF-TOF instrument yields relatively complex but interpretable fragmentation spectra. When coupled with a straightforward sequence extension algorithm, it is possible to develop complete peptide sequences de novo from the spectra. This approach has been applied to a set of peptides derived from typtic digestion of(More)
Translational research is progressing toward combined genomics and proteomics analyses of small and precious samples. In our analyses of spinal cord material, we systematically evaluated disruption and extraction techniques to determine an optimum process for the coupled analysis of RNA and protein from a single 5-mm segment of tissue. Analyses of these(More)