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The influence on the metabolism of phenytoin of some sulfonamides given in common clinical doses has been studied. In single dose experiments sulfaphenazole increased phenytoin half-life (T/2) by 237% and decreased phenytoin metabolic clearance rate (MCR) by 67%. Sulfadiazine, sulfamethiazole, sulfamethoxazole + trimethoprim and trimethoprim increased(More)
There is little research-based documentation on the services provided by drug information centres (DICs). The aim of this multi-centre study was to explore for the first time the factors associated with time consumption when answering drug-related queries at eight different but comparable DICs. During an 8-week period, staff members at eight Scandinavian(More)
Most antiarrhythmic drugs fulfil the formal requirements for rational use of therapeutic drug monitoring, as they show highly variable plasma concentration profiles at a given dose and a direct concentration-effect relationship. Therapeutic ranges for antiarrhythmic drugs are, however, often very poorly defined. Effective drug concentrations are based on(More)
Elimination kinetics and the renal handling of disopyramide was examined in 8 healthy volunteers. Approximately 50% of the administered disopyramide undergoes hepatic metabolism (metabolic clearance = 116.1 +/- 42.2 ml/min.), while the rest is excreted by the kidneys (renal clearance = 101.9 +/- 21.6 ml/min.). Total renal excretion rate of disopyramide was(More)
UNLABELLED The study was conducted to determine age and sex stratified normal values for 24-h ambulatory blood pressure. A sample of 352 healthy subjects (all white) were randomly selected from the community register and stratified by sex and age groups in decades from 20 to 79 years of age. Persons with a history of hypertension, cerebral apoplexy,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the face validity of both simple and advanced quality indicators for prescribing in general practice. METHODS In a three-round Delphi study, 100 randomly selected general practitioners (GPs) in Denmark rated 18 indicators for prescribing of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. All indicators were based on prescription register data(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the extent and composition of pharmaceutical industry representatives' marketing techniques with a particular focus on drug sampling in relation to drug age. DESIGN A group of 47 GPs prospectively collected data on drug promotional activities during a six-month period, and a sub-sample of 10 GPs furthermore recorded the(More)
Cyclosporin kinetics were estimated after single-dose intravenous and oral administration in 12 patients with Crohn's disease in accordance with a three-compartment model with zero-order inputs. Cyclosporin was measured in whole blood with a specific monoclonal radioimmunoassay. The median bioavailability (f) was 23.7% (range, 0-49.1%); the distribution(More)
Organic antithyroid drugs used today include propylthiouracil and the mercaptoimidazolines, carbimazole and methimazole. They can be measured with accuracy and in small quantities in serum by gas-liquid chromatography, high performance liquid chromatography and radio-immunoassay. Bioavailability of these drugs varies from 80 to 95%. During absorption(More)
A number of randomised studies indicate that a single high dose of aminoglycoside every 24 h may be more efficient and less toxic than the same dose divided into multiple daily doses. In the meta-analysis of 16 studies described here, which included more than 1200 patients, the relative chance (i.e. the relative risk, RR) of cure of the single-dose regime(More)