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This paper describes a method for surgery simulation, or more specifically a learning system of how to use a brain spatula. Improper use of brain spatulas can lead to brain tissue lesions such as tearing of brain tissue and ischemia. The idea is to provide surgeons with a tool which can teach them the correlation between deformation and applied force. The(More)
Virtual reality systems seems to be useful for training the use of brain spatulas without damaging brain tissue but the success of such a system is dependant on the human ability to discriminate pressures applied with the spatula. This paper describes an experiment designed to explore some central issues related to this ability: are surgeons better than(More)
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