Learn More
Cell-type plasticity within a tumor has recently been suggested to cause a bidirectional conversion between tumor-initiating stem cells and nonstem cells triggered by an inflammatory stroma. NF-κB represents a key transcription factor within the inflammatory tumor microenvironment. However, NF-κB's function in tumor-initiating cells has not been examined(More)
Skin toxicity is a frequent adverse event of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) targeting agents. Occurrence of cetuximab-induced skin toxicity (Cet-ST) correlates with better treatment response and longer survival times. Molecular markers predicting Cet-ST are still missing. This investigation analyzed the value of Cet-ST for treatment efficacy in a(More)
Many neurological insults are accompanied by a marked acute inflammatory reaction, involving the activation of microglia. Using a model of exogenous application of fluorescence-labeled BV2 microglia in pathophysiologically relevant concentrations onto organotypic hippocampal slice cultures, we investigated the specific effects of microglia on neuronal(More)
Mutation analysis of the KRAS oncogene is now established as a predictive biomarker in colorectal cancer (CRC). Large prospective clinical trials have shown that only CRCs with wild-type KRAS respond to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) treatment. Therefore, mutation analysis is mandatory before treatment, and reliable benchmarks for the(More)
Two-photon microscopy is indispensable for deep tissue and intravital imaging. However, current technology based on single-beam point scanning has reached sensitivity and speed limits because higher performance requires higher laser power leading to sample degradation. We utilize a multifocal scanhead splitting a laser beam into a line of 64 foci, allowing(More)
OBJECTIVES Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer and a major cause of cancer-related deaths. Early detection of colonic lesions can reduce the incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer. Colonoscopy is the screening test for colorectal cancer with the highest efficacy, but its acceptance in the general public is rather low. To identify(More)
PURPOSE Here, we determined whether epigenetic inactivation of miR-34a and miR-34b/c genes may serve as a prognostic marker for distant metastases in colon cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Using a case-control study design of 94 primary colon cancer samples with and without liver metastases, we determined CpG methylation frequencies of miR-34a and miR-34b/c(More)
BACKGROUND The AIO KRK-0306 trial compares the efficacy of infusional 5-fluorouracil, folinic acid, irinotecan (FOLFIRI) plus cetuximab with FOLFIRI plus bevacizumab in first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). In October 2008, an amendment terminated the inclusion of patients with KRAS-mutated tumours. This subgroup of patients is(More)
AIMS A test predicting distant metastases would be valuable for prognostication in colon cancer (CC). In previous studies, CC with microsatellite instability (MSI) showed a reduced risk of distant metastases. High expression of CD133 and β-catenin, both related to cancer stem cell phenotypes, might be predictive markers for metastasis. The aim of this study(More)
INTRODUCTION In colorectal cancer (CRC), metastatic spread is supposed to be mainly driven by tumor cells with stem cell features. Only about 1% of all CRC patients develop metastasis to the central nervous system (CNS). The present study intended to analyze the correlation between the expression of cancer stem cell markers and patterns of liver or CNS(More)