Jens Michael Seeger

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Clinical resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibition in lung cancer has been linked to the emergence of the EGFR T790M resistance mutation or amplification of MET. Additional mechanisms contributing to EGFR inhibitor resistance remain elusive. By applying combined analyses of gene expression, copy number, and biochemical analyses of(More)
Background:In various tumour types, elevated expression of the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) has been observed and XIAP targeting in diverse tumour entities enhanced the susceptibility to chemotherapeutic agents. Therefore, XIAP has been described and reviewed repeatedly as a chemoresistance factor in different tumour entities. However,(More)
Resistance to apoptosis is a hallmark of cancer, and represents an important mechanism of how tumor cells resist immune cell destruction. Mitochondria are the central regulators of the apoptotic machinery by releasing pro-apoptotic factors including cytochrome c and second mitochondria-derived activator of caspase (SMAC) upon mitochondrial outer membrane(More)
Adoptive transfer of tumor-specific cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL) results in target cell lysis by activating the intrinsic apoptotic cell death program. Not surprisingly, deregulation of the apoptotic machinery is one of the central mechanisms by which tumor cells escape immune destruction despite specific CTL recognition. Here we show that treatment with(More)
Zwitterionic capsular polysaccharides (ZPS) of commensal bacteria are characterized by having both positive and negative charged substituents on each repeating unit of a highly repetitive structure that has an alpha-helix configuration. In this paper we look at the immune response of CD8(+) T cells to ZPSs. Intraperitoneal application of the ZPS Sp1 from(More)
A two-dimensionally confining x-ray channel waveguide structure is combined with a high gain Kirkpatrick-Baez prefocusing mirror system yielding a hard x-ray beam with a cross section of 25 x 47 nm(2) (FWHM). Unlike the previously employed resonant beam coupling scheme, the incoming beam is coupled in from the front side of the waveguide and the waveguided(More)
Mast cells modulate autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis and multiple sclerosis. Fumaric acid esters (FAEs) are widely used for the treatment of psoriasis, and dimethylfumarate (DMF) has recently been approved for multiple sclerosis. In this study, we analysed the cytotoxic effect of FAEs on human mast cells. Specifically, cell death was analysed in the(More)
Basophilia is associated with allergic and parasitic diseases and advanced chronic myeloid leukemia. In the present study, we characterized the expression and function of the death receptors Fas/CD95 and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) receptors in basophils from healthy donors compared to neoplastic basophils. Peripheral(More)
Abscess formation associated with secondary peritonitis causes severe morbidity and can be fatal. Formation of abscesses requires the presence of CD4+ T-cells. Zwitterionic polysaccharides (ZPSs) represent a novel class of immunomodulatory bacterial antigens that stimulate CD4+ T-cells in a major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-dependent manner.(More)
The X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) is a potent caspase inhibitor, best known for its anti-apoptotic function in cancer. During apoptosis, XIAP is antagonized by SMAC, which is released from the mitochondria upon caspase-mediated activation of BID. Recent studies suggest that XIAP is involved in immune signaling. Here, we explore XIAP as an(More)