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PURPOSE To implement and evaluate the accuracy of non-invasive temperature mapping using MRI methods based on the chemical shift (CS) and T1 relaxation in media of various heterogeneity during focal (laser) and external thermal energy deposition. MATERIALS AND METHODS All measurements were performed on a 1.5 T superconducting clinical scanner using the(More)
Apples show biennial fluctuations in yields (alternate bearing). The alternate bearing cycle can be broken by reducing excessive flowers using either chemical or mechanical means. Currently, automatic thinning systems are treating the trees uniformly despite the fact that neighbouring trees can have a very different numbers of flowers resulting in different(More)
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