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REM sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) and olfactory dysfunction are common and very early features of alpha-synucleinopathies, in particular Parkinson's disease. To investigate the hypothesis that these two clinical features in combination are an indicator of evolving alpha-synucleinopathy, olfactory function was assessed in RBD. We studied 30 patients (18(More)
Pain sensitivity was assessed in 11 patients (age 60 +/- 10 years) with 'primary' restless leg syndrome (RLS) (disease duration 18 +/- 15 years) and 11 age- and gender-matched healthy control subjects. Stimulus-response functions for pricking pain were obtained with seven calibrated punctate mechanical stimulators activating Adelta-high threshold(More)
Treatment standards or guidelines have been developed for most features of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, data on the actual treatment that is put into practice are scarce. In 2000, a nationwide survey on the topic of sudden onset of sleep (SOS) in PD was initiated among the members of the German patient support group (deutsche Parkinson-Vereinigung,(More)
Ghrelin, an orexigenic peptide, has multiple functions, which include promoting gastrointestinal motility and influencing higher brain functions. Experimental data suggest that ghrelin has neuroprotective potential in the MPTP mouse model of Parkinson's disease (PD). PD patients show delayed gastric emptying and other symptoms that may relate to disturbed(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (iRBD)--a parasomnia characterized by dream enactments--is a risk marker for the development of Parkinson disease (PD) and other alpha-synucleinopathies. The pathophysiology of iRBD is likely due to dysfunction of brainstem nuclei that regulate REM sleep. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)(More)
Six patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) reporting unusually fast or sudden onset of sleep under the addition of dopamine agonists to a previous levodopa-containing therapy were examined using a sleep-wake diary, the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), polysomnography, multiple sleep latency tests (MSLT), a standardized vigilance test, and driving simulation.(More)
Although social comparison (Festinger, 1954) and temporal comparison (Albert, 1977) theories are well established, dimensional comparison is a largely neglected yet influential process in self-evaluation. Dimensional comparison entails a single individual comparing his or her ability in a (target) domain with his or her ability in a standard domain (e.g.,(More)
Patients with idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) frequently develop Parkinson's disease and the majority present with hyposmia, which is a potential preclinical non-motor sign of Parkinson's disease. Accordingly, it has been proposed that the clinical symptoms of hyposmia and RBD in combination have to be considered as very early(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that the TaqIA polymorphism of the D2 dopamine receptor gene (DRD2) is associated with response to dopaminergic and antidopaminergic treatment in Parkinson's disease (PD) and schizophrenia, respectively. We tested whether the TaqIA genotype in PD is responsible for demand of dopaminergic medication, measured in total(More)
BACKGROUND Patients suffering from Parkinson's disease (PD) often complain about painful sensations. Recent studies detected increased subjective pain sensitivity and increased spinal nociception, which appeared to be reversible by dopaminergic treatment. Possibly, reduced descending pain inhibition contributes to this finding. OBJECTIVE Subjective pain(More)