Jens Lykke-Andersen

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Stress granules (SGs) are cytoplasmic aggregates of stalled translational preinitiation complexes that accumulate during stress. GW bodies/processing bodies (PBs) are distinct cytoplasmic sites of mRNA degradation. In this study, we show that SGs and PBs are spatially, compositionally, and functionally linked. SGs and PBs are induced by stress, but SG(More)
Nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) rids eukaryotic cells of aberrant mRNAs containing premature termination codons. These are discriminated from true termination codons by downstream cis-elements, such as exon-exon junctions. We describe three novel human proteins involved in NMD, hUpf2, hUpf3a, and hUpf3b. While in HeLa cell extracts these proteins are(More)
In mammalian cells, splice junctions play a dual role in mRNA quality control: They mediate selective nuclear export of mature mRNA and they serve as a mark for mRNA surveillance, which subjects aberrant mRNAs with premature termination codons to nonsense-mediated decay (NMD). Here, we demonstrate that the protein RNPS1, a component of the postsplicing(More)
Insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) is a major fetal growth factor. The IGF-II gene generates multiple mRNAs with different 5' untranslated regions (5' UTRs) that are translated in a differential manner during development. We have identified a human family of three IGF-II mRNA-binding proteins (IMPs) that exhibit multiple attachments to the 5' UTR from(More)
Decapping is a key step in mRNA turnover. However, the composition and regulation of the human decapping complex is poorly understood. Here, we identify three proteins that exist in complex with the decapping enzyme subunits hDcp2 and hDcp1: hEdc3, Rck/p54, and a protein in decapping we name Hedls. Hedls is important in decapping because it enhances the(More)
The nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) pathway subjects mRNAs with premature termination codons (PTCs) to rapid decay. The conserved Upf1-3 complex interacts with the eukaryotic translation release factors, eRF3 and eRF1, and triggers NMD when translation termination takes place at a PTC. Contrasting models postulate central roles in PTC-recognition for the exon(More)
Decapping is a key step in general and regulated mRNA decay. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae it constitutes a rate-limiting step in the nonsense-mediated decay pathway that rids cells of mRNAs containing premature termination codons. Here two human decapping enzymes are identified, hDcp1a and hDcp2, as well as a homolog of hDcp1a, termed hDcp1b. Transiently(More)
The nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) pathway targets mRNAs with premature termination codons as well as a subset of normal mRNAs for rapid decay. Emerging evidence suggests that mRNAs become NMD substrates based on the composition of the mRNP downstream of the translation termination event, which either stimulates or antagonizes recruitment of the NMD(More)
We report a function of human mRNA decapping factors in control of transcription by RNA polymerase II. Decapping proteins Edc3, Dcp1a, and Dcp2 and the termination factor TTF2 coimmunoprecipitate with Xrn2, the nuclear 5'-3' exonuclease "torpedo" that facilitates transcription termination at the 3' ends of genes. Dcp1a, Xrn2, and TTF2 localize near(More)
mRNA decapping is a critical step in eukaryotic cytoplasmic mRNA turnover. Cytoplasmic mRNA decapping is catalyzed by Dcp2 in conjunction with its coactivator Dcp1 and is stimulated by decapping enhancer proteins. mRNAs associated with the decapping machinery can assemble into cytoplasmic mRNP granules called processing bodies (PBs). Evidence suggests that(More)