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Biochar is increasingly promoted as a beneficial soil conditioner. However, it may contain residues of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) as a result of its production by pyrolysis. To date, analytical methods to analyze PAHs in biochar quantitatively are hardly available. This study presents an optimized and validated procedure to quantify the 16 U.S.(More)
Root turnover is an important carbon flux component in grassland ecosystems because it replenishes substantial parts of carbon lost from soil via heterotrophic respiration and leaching. Among the various methods to estimate root turnover, the root's radiocarbon signature has rarely been applied to grassland soils previously, although the value of this(More)
Organic farming is believed to improve soil fertility by enhancing soil organic matter (SOM) contents. An important co-benefit would be the sequestration of carbon from atmospheric CO2. Such a positive effect has been suggested based on data from field experiments though many studies were not designed to address the issue of carbon sequestration. The aim of(More)
Present concepts emphasize that substrate quality exerts an important control over substrate decomposability and temperature sensitivity of heterotrophic soil respiration (Rh). In this context, soil organic matter (SOM) quality is defined by its molecular and structural complexity and determines the ease by which substrate is oxidized. However, temperature(More)
The use of mining substrates for recultivation purposes is limited due to their low organic matter (OM) contents. In a 1-yr laboratory experiment we evaluated the stabilization of biowaste compost added to a humus-free sandy mining soil to examine the suitability of compost amendment for the formation of stable soil organic matter (SOM). The stabilization(More)
We used differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to infer thermal properties of soil organic matter (SOM) in the static fertilization experiment in Bad Lauchstädt, Ger-many, which has been established in 1902. Four treatments (null N, change from null to manuring in 1978 NM, change from manuring to null in 1978 MN, and permanent manure and mineral(More)
Biochar produced by pyrolysis of organic residues is increasingly used for soil amendment and many other applications. However, analytical methods for its physical and chemical characterization are yet far from being specifically adapted, optimized, and standardized. Therefore, COST Action TD1107 conducted an interlaboratory comparison in which 22(More)