Learn More
The chemical nature of soil organic nitrogen (N) is still poorly understood and one-third to one-half of it is typically classified as ;unknown N'. Nitrogen K-edge XANES spectroscopy has been used to develop a systematic overview on spectral features of all major N functions in soil and environmental samples. The absolute calibration of the photon energy(More)
The phosphorus (P) in agro-industrial by-products--a potential source of freshwater eutrophication but also a valuable fertilizer--needs to be speciated to evaluate its fate in the environment. We investigated to what extent X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy at the P K- and L2.3-edges reflected differences in sequentially extracted(More)
The determination of the anisotropic and heterogeneous character of the saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) of wetland soils is technically challenging, but is crucial for the accurate quantification of flow and transport processes. We modified a laboratory method to determine Ks both in the vertical (Ks,v) and horizontal directions (Ks,h), and tested it(More)
Under changing redox conditions some plants create plaques at their root surface, which may affect the mobility and uptake of As and heavy metals but it is unknown to what extent this also holds true for willows in contaminated floodplain soils. Therefore, willow roots were sampled from a phytoremediation trial in the contaminated floodplain of the river(More)
Little is known about P species in agro-industrial byproducts from developing countries, which may be either pollutants or valuable soil amendments. The present study speciated P in dry (COD) and wet (COW) coffee, sisal (SIS), barley malt (BEB) and sugar cane processing (FIC) byproducts, and filter cakes of linseed (LIC) and niger seed (NIC)with sequential(More)
A family of planar gold RF microcoils were fabricated using microlithography on a gallium arsenide substrate. The microcoils were used in 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy experiments at 300 MHz (7.05 T). These new microcoils are a key component in the design of integrated MR coils and amplifiers for NMR microspectroscopy.
Synchrotron-based X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy is becoming an increasingly used tool for the element speciation in complex samples. For phosphorus (P) almost all XANES measurements have been carried out at the K-edge. The small number of distinctive features at the P K-edge makes in some cases the identification of different P(More)
Phosphorus (P) is an indispensable element for all life on Earth and, during the past decade, concerns about the future of its global supply have stimulated much research on soil P and method development. This review provides an overview of advanced state-of-the-art methods currently used in soil P research. These involve bulk and spatially resolved(More)
Although dissolved organic matter (DOM) is an important component of C- and N-fluxes in the environment, its structural composition is still poorly understood due to methodological challenges. We explored the potential of combining pyrolysis-field ionization mass spectrometry (Py-FIMS) and N X-ray absorption near edge structure (N-XANES) spectroscopy to(More)
Cadmium (Cd) has a high toxicity and resolving its speciation in soil is challenging but essential for estimating the environmental risk. In this study partial least-square (PLS) regression was tested for its capability to deconvolute Cd L(3)-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectra of multi-compound mixtures. For this, a library of Cd(More)