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Familial hyperkalemic hypertension (FHHt) is a Mendelian form of arterial hypertension that is partially explained by mutations in WNK1 and WNK4 that lead to increased activity of the Na(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter (NCC) in the distal nephron. Using combined linkage analysis and whole-exome sequencing in two families, we identified KLHL3 as a third gene(More)
Mutations of LAMB2 typically cause autosomal recessive Pierson syndrome, a disorder characterized by congenital nephrotic syndrome, ocular and neurologic abnormalities, but may occasionally be associated with milder or oligosymptomatic disease variants. LAMB2 encodes the basement membrane protein laminin beta2, which is incorporated in specific(More)
All patients intubated in the neonatal (NICU) and pediatric (PICU) ICUs over a 3-yr period were evaluated prospectively to determine the incidence of accidental extubation (AE) and contributing factors. Two thousand two hundred patients (age range 26 wk gestation to 18 yr) were intubated for a total of 21,222 days. In the PICU and NICU, a total of 153(More)
BACKGROUND In May and June 2011 the largest known outbreak of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) occurred in northern Germany. Because, quite unusually, a large number of adults was affected and the causative Escherichia coli strain, serotype O104:H4, showed an atypical virulence factor pattern, it was speculated that this outbreak was associated with an(More)
BACKGROUND Inadequate dialysis dose is closely related to mortality and morbidity of maintenance haemodialysis (MHD) patients. According to the DOQI guidelines a minimum prescribed dialysis dose of single-pool Kt/V (Kt/Vsp)=1.3, equivalent to equilibrated double pool Kt/V (e-Kt/Vdp)=1.1, is recommended. Knowledge of patient-related risk factors for(More)
PURPOSE To study the ocular phenotype of Pierson syndrome and to increase awareness among ophthalmologists of the diagnostic features of this condition. DESIGN Retrospective, observational case series. METHODS A multicenter study of 17 patients with molecularly confirmed Pierson syndrome. The eye findings were reviewed and compared to pertinent findings(More)
BACKGROUND Cobalamin C (CblC) defects are inherited autosomal recessive disorders of vitamin B12 metabolism due to mutations in the MMACHC gene. Renal manifestations include thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), acute or chronic renal failure, tubulointerstitial nephritis, and proximal renal tubular acidosis. However, reports about glomerular pathologies are(More)
BACKGROUND mTOR inhibitors (mTORI) have emerged as alternative and additive immunosuppressive agents in pediatric renal transplantation (pRTx). Their immunosuppressive, anti-proliferative, and anti-neoplastic mechanisms have been described to be effective, whereas some side effects are alarming. In particular, growth and pubertal development are of concern.(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is a rare but frequently severe disorder that is typically characterized by cystic kidneys and congenital hepatic fibrosis but displays pronounced phenotypic heterogeneity. ARPKD is among the most important causes for pediatric end stage renal disease and a leading reason for liver-, kidney-(More)
We describe the first case of a Kocuria rhizophila infection in a boy with methylmalonic aciduria. A single clone was isolated from blood samples drawn through a port system and from peripheral veins during septic episodes within a 2-year period. K. rhizophila expands the emerging number of "micrococci" considered to be etiologically relevant.