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Evidence of apoptosis was detected for the United States porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in ATCC CRL11171 cells inoculated with strain ATCC VR2385 and in the tissues of pigs infected with the same strain. Apoptosis was detected by agarose gel electrophoresis, transmission electron microscopy and terminal deoxytransferase dUTP(More)
OBJECTIVES Presence of oligoclonal bands (OCB) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a diagnostic hallmark of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, up to 10% of patients were OCB negative in routine laboratory tests. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is at least an oligoclonal restriction of intrathecal antibody synthesis against measles, rubella(More)
A 7-month-old foal was admitted to the hospital with a history of lethargy, weight loss, mild diarrhea, and anorexia. A diagnosis of proliferative enteritis caused by Lawsonia intracellularis-like organisms was made after necropsy and histologic examination of the small intestine. Although infection with L intracellularis-like organisms is a rare cause of(More)
The pathology of bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) infection was studied in cats, rabbits and guinea pigs. Twenty kittens, twenty-two rabbits and ten guinea pigs, some treated with glucocorticoid-were inoculated with a BHV-4 strain of feline origin, via various routes of inoculation (conjunctival, intranasal, peritoneal). Clinical signs were recorded. After(More)
In situ hybridization (ISH) is a useful diagnostic and research tool, but is also time consuming. This study was conducted to determine if a rate enhancement hybridization (REH) buffer, developed for membrane hybridization, could be used to decrease hybridization time for ISH. Tissue from swine with an enteric disease produced by a swine coronavirus,(More)
Tissues from cattle that died of experimentally induced mucosal disease (n = 3), naturally acquired mucosal disease (n = 6), or naturally acquired chronic bovine viral diarrhea (n = 4) were examined. Consistent findings were lymphocytic depletion of lymphoid tissues, degeneration of myenteric ganglion cells, and mild adrenalitis. Intracytoplasmic viral(More)
The in situ hybridization (ISH) technique was developed to detect the swine coronaviruses, transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) and porcine respiratory coronavirus (PRCV), in cell culture and tissue sections from TGEV-or PRCV-infected pigs. The 35S-labeled RNA probes were generated from two plasmids pPSP.FP1 and pPSP.FP2 containing part of the S gene(More)
The large intestines of pigs with swine dysentery were examined by phase, light, and electron microscopy at intervals up to 11 days after oral inoculation with mucosal scrapings from infected pigs. Large spirochetes with the structural characteristics of Treponema hyodysenteriae were found only in infected pigs and were first observed in small numbers in(More)
Four boars were inoculated intranasally with pseudorabies virus to determine if microscopic testicular changes occurred as a result of infection. Testicular biopsies and semen samples were taken at two, four and six weeks postinoculation and the boars were castrated immediately after the last sample collection. Testicular samples and semen were cultured to(More)