Jens Kissing

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—The statistics of the signal quality due to first-order polarization mode dispersion (PMD) in uncompensated systems is analyzed. First, the probability density function (pdf) of the eye-opening penalty (EOP) due to first-order PMD is presented. Based on an analytical relation between factor and EOP, the pdf of the factor is determined. By integration of(More)
—To improve the networking flexibility in the metropolitan and access area, the granularity in the optical domain has to be increased above that in the core network requiring more channels at lower bit rates. Pure dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) as it is applied in the core does not seem to meet this requirement at affordable cost. We propose(More)
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