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The importance of voltage-dependent sodium channels and different types of voltage-sensitive calcium channels for depolarisation-induced release of endogenous dopamine from dendrites and cell bodies in superfused guinea pig substantia nigra slices was investigated. The stimulatory effect of veratridine (10 microM) on dopamine release was only marginally(More)
We presented data previously on dopamine (DA) synthesis and catabolism in the rat substantia nigra (SN) suggesting that a substantial part of the synthesized DA in this brain part is metabolized by unknown nonclassical metabolic pathways. On the basis of that a relatively high density of cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP 2E1) has been detected in rat SN the aim of(More)
This study was undertaken, using microdialysis, to compare the extracellular concentration of 3-methoxytyramine and dopamine in dialysate from the striatum and substantia nigra, after pargyline (75 mg/kg), after pargyline plus amphetamine (3 mg/kg), and after pargyline plus reserpine (5 mg/kg) administration. Treatment with pargyline alone increased the(More)
The pivotal role for voltage-sensitive calcium channels in initiating synaptic transmitter release is undisputed, but it is only partly known to what extent the different subtypes contribute in vivo. Their importance for the dendritic release of dopamine has not been investigated in vivo previously. To evaluate comprehensively the relative importance of(More)
The neuropharmacological effects of capsaicin (CAPS) (8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide) have been closely linked to the peptide neurotransmitter substance P (SP). In order to elucidate SP mechanisms in peripheral and central control of breathing we have studied the respiratory effects of CAPS and SP administration to neonatal and adult rats using a whole(More)
Respiratory activity was studied in rats during light halothane anesthesia. Thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) and two TRH analogues: the desamidated form (TRH-OH) and gamma-butyrolactone-gamma-carbonyl-L-histidyl-L-prolinamide citrate (DN 1417) were administered intracerebroventricularly. TRH 0.5-5 micrograms induced a marked tachypnoea with a rapid onset(More)
Anaesthetized male rats were injected intracerebroventricularly with the tripeptide, thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH). Respiratory frequency (f), tidal volume (VT) and minute volume (VE) were measured in a closed whole body plethysmograph by a low pressure transducer connected to a Grass polygraph. TRH induced an approximately 50% increase in f, while VT(More)
In the present study the effect of inhibition of the re-uptake of dopamine (DA) was analysed with respect to DA release and to the firing pattern of DA neurons in the substantia nigra (SN). Intravenous administration of GBR 12909 (0.5-8 mg/kg), a specific and potent inhibitor of DA re-uptake, was found to dose-dependently increase the DA concentration both(More)
The effects of substance P (SP) on respiratory regulation were studied in halothane-anesthetized rats. Intracerebroventricular injections of SP in the dose range 3 to 30 micrograms (3 X 10(-9) to 3 X 10(-8) mol) induced a dose-dependent stimulation of minute ventilation due to an increase in tidal volume although respiratory frequency was slightly(More)