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The products of the homeotic genes in Drosophila are transcription factors that are necessary to impose regional identity along the anterior-posterior axis of the developing embryo. However, the target genes under homeotic regulation that control this developmental process are largely unknown. We have utilized an immunopurification method to clone target(More)
The Drosophila embryonic peripheral nervous system (PNS) contains segment-specific spatial patterns of sensory organs which derive from the ectoderm. Many studies have established that the homeotic genes of Drosophila control segment specific characteristics of the epidermis, and more recently these genes have also been shown to control gut morphogenesis(More)
The expression of nerve growth factor receptors (NGFRs) was studied in the developing inner ear with in situ hybridization in chick embryos and with immunocytochemistry in rat embryos to determine sites of possible functions of NGF or NGF-like molecules in inner ear development. NGFR expression in the chick otocyst and acoustic ganglion is compared with(More)
Patterns of expression of transcripts encoding receptors for fibroblast growth factor and nerve growth factor (FGF-R and NGF-R) in the developing chick nervous system are compared using in situ hybridization histochemistry. FGF-R transcripts are expressed abundantly in the germinal neuroepithelial layer. Expression ceases as cells migrate into the mantle(More)
The nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence of a cDNA clone of the chicken NGF receptor (NGFR) is reported and is compared with sequences of mammalian NGF receptors. A model is presented in which monodentate or bidentate binding of NGF dimers to repeated cysteine-rich sequence elements of the receptor yields low- or high-affinity NGF binding,(More)
Fibroblast growth factors have been increasingly assigned mitogenic and trophic roles in embryonic and postnatal development of the nervous system. Little is known, however, of their functional roles in early embryonic neural development at the neural tube stage. We have examined the effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on the adhesive behavior(More)
Retroviral constructs were designed to express the novel cytokine interleukin 18 (IL-18), also known as interferon-gamma-inducing factor, in a murine neuroblastoma cell line [neuro-2a (N-2a)] to examine the effects of IL-18 expression on tumorigenicity. N-2a cells expressing proIL-18 (N-2a/IL-18p) were as tumorigenic as parental N-2a cells, whereas N-2a(More)
The T cell co-stimulatory molecule B7-1 was transduced into a poorly immunogenic murine neuroblastoma cell line (Neuro-2a, N-2a) alone or in combination with MHC class II genes to test the ability of these genes to stimulate antitumor immunity. N-2a cells transduced with B7-1 exhibited reduced tumorigenicity, whereas N-2a cells overexpressing both MHC class(More)
The expression of nerve growth factor receptor (NGFR) transcripts was investigated with in situ hybridization techniques in the CNS of chick embryos from 3 days of incubation (E3) to 14 days posthatch (P14). The time course and distribution of NGFR expression was compared with the development of the cholinergic phenotype. Cholinergic properties were(More)
Malignant tumors express tumor-related antigens, but effective antitumor immunity does not occur in the primary host. One hypothesis is that there is insufficient stimulation of T-cell responses due to ineffective antigen presentation. An approach to overcome these deficiencies is to modify tumor cells to express major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class(More)