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BACKGROUND Neutral endopeptidase, also known as neprilysin and abbreviated NEP, is considered to be one of the key enzymes in initial human amyloid-beta (Abeta) degradation. The aim of our study was to explore the impact of NEP deficiency on the initial development of dementia-like symptoms in mice. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We found that while(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a highly conserved ligand-dependent transcription factor that senses environmental toxins and endogenous ligands, thereby inducing detoxifying enzymes and modulating immune cell differentiation and responses. We hypothesized that AhR evolved to sense not only environmental pollutants but also microbial insults. We(More)
The cAMP/protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent insertion of water channel aquaporin-2 (AQP2)-bearing vesicles into the plasma membrane in renal collecting duct principal cells (AQP2 shuttle) constitutes the molecular basis of arginine vasopressin (AVP)-regulated water reabsorption. cAMP/PKA signaling systems are compartmentalized by A kinase anchoring proteins(More)
OBJECTIVE Angiotensin peptides play a central role in cardiovascular physiology and pathology. Among these peptides, angiotensin II (Ang II) has been investigated most intensively. However, further angiotensin peptides such as Ang 1-7, Ang III, and Ang IV also contribute to vascular regulation, and may elicit additional, different, or even opposite effects(More)
Effects of short-term repeated blood sampling on the secretion of corticosterone (CORT) and beta-endorphin (beta-END) were evaluated in male Wistar rats. Blood was drawn from the tail vein of conscious rats four times within 2 h both at the peak and trough period of the diurnal corticosterone secretion cycle. All rats were well accustomed to the procedure.(More)
The corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF; 41 amino acid residues) is a major regulatory peptide in the response to stress and is distributed over many regions of the brain. We have studied the enzymatic degradation of CRF and related peptides by the CRF-degrading enzyme(s) of the rat brain (CRF-DA) by liquid-chromatographic-mass spectrometric technique and(More)
We demonstrate the presence and hair cycle-dependent expression of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and CRF receptors (CRF-R) in C57BL/6 mouse skin. To correlate this with a physiological, developmentally controlled tissue remodeling process, we have analyzed CRF and CRF-R expression during defined stages of the murine hair cycle with its rhythmic(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelin-1 (ET-1) both stimulates nociceptors and sensitizes them to noxious stimuli, an effect probably mediated by the ETA receptor (ETAR) expressed in sensory neurons. The cellular mechanisms of this ET-1-mediated effect are only poorly understood. TRPV1, the heat-, pH- and capsaicin-sensitive cation channel already known to be modulated by(More)
A-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs) tether protein kinase A (PKA) and other signaling proteins to defined intracellular sites, thereby establishing compartmentalized cAMP signaling. AKAP-PKA interactions play key roles in various cellular processes, including the regulation of cardiac myocyte contractility. We discovered small molecules,(More)
The determination of substance P (SP) concentrations in human nasal lavages can be used to monitor physiological and certain pathophysiological processes in human airway mucosa. But, because of the low concentrations, immunoassays of high sensitivity are needed. Two approaches to improve the sensitivity of the radioimmunological determinations of SP are(More)