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Several tracing studies have established a topographical distribution of fiber connections to the cortex in midsagittal cross-sections of the corpus callosum (CC). The most prominent example is Witelson's scheme, which defines five vertical partitions mainly based on primate data. Conventional MRI of the human CC does not reveal morphologically discernable(More)
Changes in cerebral blood oxygenation due to functional activation of the primary sensorimotor cortex during a unilateral finger opposition task were simultaneously mapped by deoxyhemoglobin-sensitive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and monitored by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Activation foci along the contralateral central sulcus displayed(More)
Changes in glucose consumption, lactate production, and blood oxygenation were measured during prolonged neuronal activation (4-6 min) in human primary visual cortex using dynamic magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging. A decrease of steady-state glucose by 40% because of enhanced use by 21% was accompanied by a transient accumulation of lactate with a(More)
To elucidate changes in human brain activity evoked by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), sub- and suprathreshold rTMS (4 Hz, 10 s) over the left primary sensorimotor cortex (M1/S1) was interleaved with blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) echo-planar imaging of primary and secondary motor areas. Suprathreshold rTMS over left M1/S1(More)
In vivo concentrations of cerebral metabolites were obtained by means of 52 single-voxel, localized proton magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopic examinations of different regions of the brain performed in 26 healthy adults aged 21-32 years. The study was performed at 2.0 T with use of a circularly polarized head coil to ensure homogeneous radio-frequency(More)
Stress-induced structural remodeling in the adult hippocampus, involving debranching and shortening of dendrites and suppression of neurogenesis, provides a cellular basis for understanding the impairment of neural plasticity in the human hippocampus in depressive illness. Accordingly, reversal of structural remodeling may be a desirable goal for(More)
BACKGROUND The creatine/creatine-phosphate system is essential for the storage and transmission of phosphate-bound energy in muscle and brain. In infants, inefficiency or failure of this metabolic pathway can impair the development of motor control and mentation. METHODS We studied and treated an infant with extrapyramidal signs who was shown--by assay(More)
Water-suppressed localized proton NMR spectroscopy using stimulated echoes has been successfully applied to detect metabolites in the human brain in vivo. The STEAM spectroscopy sequence allows single-step localization by exciting three intersecting slices. Water suppression is achieved by preceding chemical-shift-selective (CHESS) rf pulses.(More)
High-resolution proton NMR spectra of normal human brain in vivo have been obtained from selected 27- and 64-ml volumes-of-interest (VOI) localized in the insular area, the occipital area, the thalamus, and the cerebellum of normal volunteers. Localization was achieved by stimulated echo (STEAM) sequences using a conventional 1.5-T whole-body MRI system(More)