Jens Fr Rehfeld

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BACKGROUND Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery causes profound changes in secretion of gastrointestinal hormones and glucose metabolism. We present a detailed analysis of the early hormone changes after RYGB in response to three different oral test meals designed to provide this information without causing side effects (such as dumping). METHODS We(More)
Somatostatin is produced by gastrointestinal endocrine cells that have long, nonluminal, cytoplasmic processes. Such processes terminate on other cell types, including gastrin-producing and hydrochloric acid-producing cells, whose functions are profoundly affected by somatostatin. The findings suggest that somatostatin cells control the functions of other(More)
Thirteen neuropeptides varying in length from 7 to 11 residues and ending C-terminally in -Phe-Met-Arg-Phe-NH2 (calliFMRFamides 1-13) and one dodecapeptide ending in -Met-Ile-Arg-Phe-NH2 (calliMIRFamide 1) have been isolated from thoracic ganglia of the blowfly Calliphora vomitoria. Different repeating patterns of amino acid sequences enable the peptides to(More)
To further understand the role of the peptide hormone gastrin in the development and function of the stomach, we have generated gastrin-deficient mice by gene targeting in embryonic stem cells. Mutant mice were viable and fertile, without obvious visible abnormalities. However, gastric function was severely affected by the loss of gastrin. Basal gastric(More)
The nonapeptide, Phe-Asp-Asp-Tyr(SO3)-Gly-His-Met-Arg-Phe-NH2 was isolated from heads of the blowfly Calliphora vomitoria. Designated callisulfakinin I, the peptide is identical to the earlier known drosulfakinin I of Drosophila melanogaster and to neosulfakinin I of Neobellieria bullata. It belongs to the sulfakinin family, all known members of which (from(More)
Immunocytochemistry and radioimmunochemistry demonstrate the occurrence of the gastrointestinal hormone cholecystokinin (CCK) in both the central and peripheral nervous system of the guinea pig. CCK nerves are particularly numerous in the neocortex, the hippocampus, the amygdaloid nuclei, the hypothalamus, the spinal cord and in the colon. The nerves(More)
Using sequence-specific radioimmunoassays, the distribution and heterogeneity of cholecystokinin (CCK) has been determined in extracts of tissues from the central nervous system and small intestine of adult man and hog. The CCK determinations were correlated with measurements with a radioimmunoassay specific for the structurally related peptide hormone(More)