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Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been tried therapeutically in major depression. In order to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of rTMS in psychotic patients, 12 participants (four women, eight men) with schizophrenia according to DSM-IV criteria, aged 25 to 63 years (mean (+/-s.d) 40.4+/-11.0), were enrolled in the study. Following(More)
Binocular depth inversion represents an illusion of visual perception, serving to invert the perception of implausible hollow objects, e.g. a hollow face into a normal face. Such inversion occurs frequently, especially when objects with a high degree of familiarity (e.g. photographs of faces) are displayed. Under normal conditions, cognitive factors(More)
Using single and paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation we compared the cortical excitability in two different age groups of healthy subjects (mean+/-SD age: 28.5+/-5.2 vs. 56.1+/-4.9 years). Motor evoked potentials were recorded from right extensor and flexor carpi radialis muscles. The effect of paired-pulse stimulation was assessed by the ratio(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors studied amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients using triple stimulation technique (TST) to detect upper motor neuron (UMN) involvement. METHODS Nineteen ALS patients (aged 45-72 years) were enrolled in the study. According to the El Escorial criteria, 6 diagnoses were suspected or possible, 6 probable, and 7 definite. Patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Atypical neuroleptics seem to be more beneficial than typical ones with respect to long-term neuropsychological functioning. Thus, most studies focus on the long-term effects of neuroleptics. We were interested in whether atypical neuroleptic treatment is also superior to typical drugs over relatively short periods of time. METHODS We studied 20(More)
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) can be beneficial in schizophrenia, possibly through a reversal of pre-treatment hypofrontality. Twelve schizophrenic patients (8 men, 4 women) were treated with high-frequency rTMS of the dominant dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Their performance of the number-connection test, which assesses cognitive(More)
The prefrontal cortex plays an important role in central motor control. We have examined whether prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) induces changes of motor cortex excitability determined by motor evoked potentials (MEPs) following single-pulse TMS. We studied 18 healthy volunteers stimulated at 5 Hz with 10% subthreshold(More)
OBJECTIVES Muscle vibration (MV) to a forearm muscle augments motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) following transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and the underlying mechanism involves cortical structures. Although MV-induced cortical activation is bilateral, the effects of MV on MEPs in contralateral muscles have not been investigated. METHODS Low-amplitude(More)
We previously demonstrated that prefrontal subthreshold repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may reduce motor cortex excitability. We have now examined whether muscle vibration (MV) can compensate for this depression. We enrolled 25 healthy volunteers (aged 22 to 37 years) who received 5 HZ, 10% subthreshold prefrontal rTMS for 12 s. The(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation was used to study motor evoked potentials (MEPs) of leg muscles in controls and patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) before and after walking. In controls, MEP areas were significantly reduced after walking. A similar or greater reduction was seen in most patients, although there was a wide range of values. The M waves(More)