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Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been tried therapeutically in major depression. In order to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of rTMS in psychotic patients, 12 participants (four women, eight men) with schizophrenia according to DSM-IV criteria, aged 25 to 63 years (mean (+/-s.d) 40.4+/-11.0), were enrolled in the study. Following(More)
Binocular depth inversion represents an illusion of visual perception, serving to invert the perception of implausible hollow objects, e.g. a hollow face into a normal face. Such inversion occurs frequently, especially when objects with a high degree of familiarity (e.g. photographs of faces) are displayed. Under normal conditions, cognitive factors(More)
Using single and paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation we compared the cortical excitability in two different age groups of healthy subjects (mean+/-SD age: 28.5+/-5.2 vs. 56.1+/-4.9 years). Motor evoked potentials were recorded from right extensor and flexor carpi radialis muscles. The effect of paired-pulse stimulation was assessed by the ratio(More)
OBJECTIVES Muscle vibration (MV) to a forearm muscle augments motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) following transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and the underlying mechanism involves cortical structures. Although MV-induced cortical activation is bilateral, the effects of MV on MEPs in contralateral muscles have not been investigated. METHODS Low-amplitude(More)
Prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is essential in neurological patients. Little is known about the optimal duration, efficacy, and safety of prolonged off-label use of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH). We enrolled n = 1176 early neurological rehabilitation cases in a retrospective study. In most cases (n = 1151, 97.9%), 4000 anti-Xa (activated(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether injections of botulinum toxin could be of therapeutic value in the treatment of tension-type headache. BACKGROUND Botulinum toxin A is very effective at reducing muscle tenderness and pain in many diseases. Increased muscle tension may contribute to tension-type headache. METHODS We performed a double-blind,(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors studied amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients using triple stimulation technique (TST) to detect upper motor neuron (UMN) involvement. METHODS Nineteen ALS patients (aged 45-72 years) were enrolled in the study. According to the El Escorial criteria, 6 diagnoses were suspected or possible, 6 probable, and 7 definite. Patients(More)
Estradiol has been postulated to constitute a protective factor for schizophrenia, which could provide women at risk to experience a psychotic episode with a relative protection in phases of high estradiol levels, i.e. before menopause and during the peri- and postovulatory phases of their cycle. Women suffering from schizophrenia have been reported to show(More)
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) can be beneficial in schizophrenia, possibly through a reversal of pre-treatment hypofrontality. Twelve schizophrenic patients (8 men, 4 women) were treated with high-frequency rTMS of the dominant dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Their performance of the number-connection test, which assesses cognitive(More)
OBJECTIVE Atypical neuroleptics seem to be more beneficial than typical ones with respect to long-term neuropsychological functioning. Thus, most studies focus on the long-term effects of neuroleptics. We were interested in whether atypical neuroleptic treatment is also superior to typical drugs over relatively short periods of time. METHODS We studied 20(More)