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In two closely related papers we present POLQA (Perceptual Objective Listening Quality Assessment), the third generation perceptual objective speech quality measurement algorithm, standardized by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU-T) as Recommendation P.863 in 2011. The algorithm is composed of two separate parts, a temporal alignment that finds(More)
Humanity is heading toward the major challenge of having to increase food production by about 50% by 2050 to cater for an additional three billion inhabitants, in a context of arable land shrinking and degradation, nutrient deficiencies, increased water scarcity, and uncertainty due to predicted climatic changes. Already today, water scarcity is probably(More)
In contrast to most widespread broad-acre crops, the narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.) was domesticated very recently, in breeding programmes isolated in both space and time. Whereas domestication was initiated in Central Europe in the early twentieth century, the crop was subsequently industrialized in Australia, which now dominates world(More)
The paper presents a parameter-based model for predicting the perceived quality of transmitted video for IPTV applications. The core model we derived can be applied both to service monitoring and network or service planning. In its current form, the model covers H.264 and MPEG-2 coded video (standard and high definition) transmitted over IP-links. The model(More)
Variation in osmotic adjustment (OA) among chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars has been observed when exposed to terminal drought, but some studies suggest that this benefits yield while others suggest it does not benefit yield in water-limited environments. In the present study, parents differing in OA were crossed and a set of advanced breeding lines(More)
Understanding crop responses to increasing atmospheric CO2 requires knowledge of how their root systems grow, proliferate and function. The effect of elevated CO2 on the growth and proliferation of wheat root system (Triticum aestivum L.), was examined. Two pairs of sister lines of wheat contrasting in vigour (CV97 and CV207) and tillering (7750N and(More)
In our present study we used preparations from Xenopus laevis lungs to perform electrophysiological Ussing chamber measurements, unidirectional flux measurements, and employed molecular approaches to elucidate the presence and function of a cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) homolog in this tissue. Application of different CFTR(More)