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Mathematical modelling has proven to be very useful in process design, operation and optimisation. A recent trend in WWTP modelling is to include the different subunits in so-called plant-wide models rather than focusing on parts of the entire process. One example of a typical plant-wide model is the coupling of an upstream activated sludge plant (including(More)
  • B Wett, J Alex
  • Water science and technology : a journal of the…
  • 2003
A separate rejection water treatment appears as a high-tech unit process which might be recommendable only for specific cases of an upgrading of an existing wastewater treatment plant. It is not the issue of this paper to consider a specific separate treatment process itself but to investigate the influence of such a process on the overall plant(More)
A novel concept for a systematic design procedure of a distributed controller network for global control of a sewer network is proposed. This concept is based on two simple controller types (local throttle controller, supervisory controller) which are connected systematically based on the structure of the sewer network and the available throttle and storage(More)
Wastewater systems are traditionally built as static systems to handle a design load. The real load varies, though, and hardly ever equals the design load. This implies that wastewater systems hardly ever operate in an optimum way, especially during wet weather. Real time control (RTC) of regulators can improve the operation by better fit of the system to(More)
Together with significant water savings that onsite greywater reuse (GWR) may provide, it may also affect the performance of urban sewer systems and wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). In order to examine these effects, an integrated stochastic simulation system for GWR in urban areas was developed. The model includes stochastic generators of domestic(More)
During the design of a water resource recovery facility, it is becoming industry practice to use simulation software to assist with process design. Aeration is one of the key components of the activated sludge process, and is one of the most important aspects of modelling wastewater treatment systems. However, aeration systems are typically not modelled in(More)
In five full-scale municipal sequential batch reactor (SBR) wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) indications for lag phases, a dynamic alpha factor and ammonium adsorption behaviour of the activated sludge were found. A dynamic simulation analysis of all WWTPs showed the need to implement these characteristics into the model in order to improve the(More)
In this paper an extended version of IWA's Activated Sludge Model No 3 (ASM3) was developed to simulate processes in waste stabilisation ponds (WSP). The model modifications included the integration of algae biomass and gas transfer processes for oxygen, carbon dioxide and ammonia depending on wind velocity and a simple ionic equilibrium. The model was(More)