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Histone H2A.Z (H2A.Z) is an evolutionarily conserved H2A variant implicated in the regulation of gene expression; however, its role in transcriptional deregulation in cancer remains poorly understood. Using genome-wide studies, we investigated the role of promoter-associated H2A.Z and acetylated H2A.Z (acH2A.Z) in gene deregulation and its relationship with(More)
Bisulfite sequencing has become the most widely used application to detect 5-methylcytosine (5-MeC) in DNA, and provides a reliable way of detecting any methylated cytosine at single-molecule resolution in any sequence context. The process of bisulfite treatment exploits the different sensitivity of cytosine and 5-MeC to deamination by bisulfite under(More)
The complex relationship between DNA methylation, chromatin modification, and underlying DNA sequence is often difficult to unravel with existing technologies. Here, we describe a novel technique based on high-throughput sequencing of bisulfite-treated chromatin immunoprecipitated DNA (BisChIP-seq), which can directly interrogate genetic and epigenetic(More)
Understanding what triggers hypermethylation of tumour suppressor genes in cancer cells is critical if we are to discern the role of methylation in the oncogenic process. CpG sites in CpG island promoters, that span most tumour suppressor genes, remain unmethylated in the normal cell, despite the fact that CpG sites are the prime target for de novo(More)
DNA methylation primarily occurs at CpG dinucleotides in mammals and is a common epigenetic mark that plays a critical role in the regulation of gene expression. Profiling DNA methylation patterns across the genome is vital to understand DNA methylation changes that occur during development and in disease phenotype. In this study, we compared two commonly(More)
We report a new mechanism in carcinogenesis involving coordinate long-range epigenetic gene silencing. Epigenetic silencing in cancer has always been envisaged as a local event silencing discrete genes. However, in this study of silencing in colorectal cancer, we found common repression of the entire 4-Mb band of chromosome 2q.14.2, associated with global(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLR) are trans-membrane sensors recognizing invading microbes. Toll-like receptors play a central role in initiating immune responses against several pathogens. In this study, we investigated the response of TLR and downstream genes to Marek's disease virus (MDV) infection. Forty 1-d-old chicks were randomly divided into 2 groups, with(More)
AIMS To assess the efficacy of anal fistula plug (AFP) procedure for the treatment of fistula-in-ano especially the complex fistulas. METHOD The database of PUBMED, MEDLINE, SCOPUS, EMBASE and COCHRANE LIBRARY for the period 1995-2009 was searched. A systematic analysis was carried to evaluate the success rate of AFP procedure in fistula-in-ano. RESULTS(More)
Silencing of individual genes can occur by genetic and epigenetic processes during carcinogenesis, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. By creating an integrated prostate cancer epigenome map using tiling arrays, we show that contiguous regions of gene suppression commonly occur through long-range epigenetic silencing (LRES). We identified 47 LRES(More)
DNA methylation is an essential epigenetic modification that plays a key role associated with the regulation of gene expression during differentiation, but in disease states such as cancer, the DNA methylation landscape is often deregulated. There are now numerous technologies available to interrogate the DNA methylation status of CpG sites in a targeted or(More)