Jenny Svärd

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A novel human cytochrome P450, CYP2W1, was cloned and expressed heterologously. No or very low CYP2W1 mRNA levels were detected in fetal and adult human tissues, expression was however seen in 54% of human tumor samples investigated (n=37), in particular colon and adrenal tumors. Western blotting also revealed high expression of CYP2W1 in some human colon(More)
BACKGROUND Antiretroviral therapy including HIV protease inhibitors and nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors can both inhibit and induce expression of cytochrome P450s, potentially leading to drug interactions. However, information is lacking on the impact of genetic polymorphism on this interaction. METHODS This study examines the prevalence of(More)
Despite the pharmacodynamic advantages with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) and some potentially opposite molecular mechanisms of tolerance to amodiaquine (AQ)/desethylamodiaquine (DEAQ) and artesunate (ART), there is a risk for rapid decay in efficacy if the two drugs are unable to ensure mutual prevention against a selection and spread of(More)
OBJECTIVE HIV-1 infection is characterized by altered intestinal barrier, gut microbiota dysbiosis, and systemic inflammation. We hypothesized that changes of the gut microbiota predict immune dysfunction and HIV-1 progression, and that antiretroviral therapy (ART) partially restores the microbiota composition. DESIGN An observational study including 28(More)
HIV disease progression is characterized by numerous pathological changes of the cellular immune system. Still, the CD4 cell count and viral load represent the laboratory parameters that are most commonly used in the clinic to determine the disease progression. In this study, we conducted an interdisciplinary investigation to determine which laboratory(More)
Mucosa-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells represent a large innate-like evolutionarily conserved antimicrobial T-cell subset in humans. MAIT cells recognize microbial riboflavin metabolites from a range of microbes presented by MR1 molecules. MAIT cells are impaired in several chronic diseases including HIV-1 infection, where they show signs of exhaustion(More)
Monocyte activation has been identified as a predictor of mortality and morbidity in HIV-1 infection. This study investigated translocated bacterial flagellin as a potential contributor to systemic monocyte activation via Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) stimulation.We demonstrated that circulating flagellin correlated to anti-flagellin, which was associated(More)
BACKGROUND Superinfection with drug resistant HIV strains could potentially contribute to compromised therapy in patients initially infected with drug-sensitive virus and receiving antiretroviral therapy. To investigate the importance of this potential route to drug resistance, we developed a bioinformatics pipeline to detect superinfection from routinely(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Antiretroviral (ARV) drugs activate pregnane X receptors and constitutive androstane receptors, increasing the risk of drug interactions due to altered drug metabolism and disposition. The closely related liver X receptors (LXRα/β), oestrogen receptors (ERα/β) and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) regulate many endogenous processes such as(More)