Jenny Sandmark

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The three-dimensional structure of diaminopelargonic acid synthase, a vitamin B6-dependent enzyme in the pathway of the biosynthesis of biotin, has been determined to 1.8 A resolution by X-ray crystallography. The structure was solved by multi-wavelength anomalous diffraction techniques using a crystal derivatized with mercury ions. The protein model has(More)
The antibiotic amiclenomycin blocks the biosynthesis of biotin by inhibiting the pyridoxal-phosphate-dependent enzyme diaminopelargonic acid synthase. Inactivation of the enzyme is stereoselective, i.e. the cis isomer of amiclenomycin is a potent inhibitor, whereas the trans isomer is much less reactive. The crystal structure of the complex of the(More)
7,8-diaminopelargonic acid (DAPA) synthase (EC 2.6.1.62) is a pyridoxal phosphate (PLP)-dependent transaminase that catalyzes the transfer of the alpha-amino group from S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) to 7-keto-8-aminopelargonic acid (KAPA) to form DAPA in the antepenultimate step in the biosynthesis of biotin. The wild-type enzyme has a steady-state kcat(More)
The crystal structures of two complexes of dethiobiotin synthetase, enzyme-diaminopelargonic acid-MgADP-AlF3 and enzyme-dethiobiotin-MgADP-Pi, respectively, have been determined to 1.8 A resolution. In dethiobiotin synthetase, AlF3 together with carbamylated diaminopelargonic acid mimics the phosphorylated reaction intermediate rather than the transition(More)
The vitamin B(6)-dependent enzyme 7,8-diaminopelargonic acid (DAPA) synthase catalyzes the antepenultimate step in the synthesis of biotin, the transfer of the alpha-amino group of S-adenosyl-l-methionine (SAM) to 7-keto-8-aminopelargonic acid (KAPA) to form DAPA. The Y17F, Y144F, and D147N mutations in the active site were constructed independently. The(More)
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