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The responses of Populus euphratica Oliv. plants to soil water deficit were assessed by analyzing gene expression, protein profiles, and several plant performance criteria to understand the acclimation of plants to soil water deficit. Young, vegetatively propagated plants originating from an arid, saline field site were submitted to a gradually increasing(More)
Cadmium (Cd) pollution is a worldwide major concern having, among others, deleterious effects on plants. In the present work, the effects of a 20 microM Cd exposure in hydroponics culture during 14 days were evaluated in young poplar leaves. Proteins were analysed by 2-D DIGE, followed by MALDI-TOF-TOF identification. Additionally, growth and other(More)
Plant acclimation to stress is associated with profound changes in proteome composition. Since proteins are directly involved in plant stress response, proteomics studies can significantly contribute to unravel the possible relationships between protein abundance and plant stress acclimation. In this review, proteomics studies dealing with plant response to(More)
While the phytotoxic responses of arsenic (As) on plants have been studied extensively, based on physiological and biochemical aspects, very little is known about As stress-elicited changes in plants at the proteome level. Hydroponically grown 2-wk-old rice seedlings were exposed to different doses of arsenate, and roots were collected after 4 days of(More)
This study highlights proteomic and enzymatic changes in roots and leaves of actively growing poplar plants upon a cadmium stress exposure. Proteomic changes in response to a short-term (14 days), as well as a longer term (56 days) treatment are observed between the different organs. In leaves, stress-related proteins, like heat shock proteins, proteinases(More)
Pollution of soils by heavy metals is an ever-growing problem throughout the world, and is the result of human activities as well as geochemical weathering of rocks and other environmental causes such as volcanic eruptions, acid rain and continental dusts. Plants everywhere are continuously exposed to metal-contaminated soils. The uptake of heavy metals not(More)
The comprehension of metal homeostasis in plants requires the identification of molecular markers linked to stress tolerance. Proteomic changes in leaves and cambial zone of Populus tremula x P. alba (717-1B4 genotype) were analyzed after 61 days of exposure to cadmium (Cd) 360 mg/kg soil dry weight in pot-soil cultures. The treatment led to an acute Cd(More)
A proteomic analysis of poplar leaves exposed to cadmium, combined with biochemical analysis of pigments and carbohydrates revealed changes in primary carbon metabolism. Proteomic results suggested that photosynthesis was slightly affected. Together with a growth inhibition, photoassimilates were less needed for developmental processes and could be stored(More)
The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of salicylic acid (SA) signalling in Ny-1-mediated hypersensitive resistance (HR) of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) to Potato virus Y (PVY). The responses of the Ny-1 allele in the Rywal potato cultivar and transgenic NahG-Rywal potato plants that do not accumulate SA were characterized at the cytological,(More)
A comparative proteomic approach has been adopted in combination with physiological and biochemical analysis of tomato leaves responding to waterlogging stress. Waterlogging resulted in increases of relative ion leakage, lipid peroxidation and in vivo H2O2 content, whereas the chlorophyll content was decreased. Histocytochemical investigations with(More)