Jenny Palming

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Enlarged adipocytes are associated with insulin resistance and are an independent predictor of type 2 diabetes. To understand the molecular link between these diseases and adipocyte hypertrophy, we developed a technique to separate human adipocytes from an adipose tissue sample into populations of small cells (mean 57.6+/-3.54 microm) and large cells (mean(More)
To identify genes predominantly expressed in omental adipocytes, microarray expression profiles from 33 human tissues or cell types were analyzed, using an algorithm developed for identification of transcripts predominantly expressed in a certain tissue. Both known adipocyte-specific and more unexpected genes were among the 28 genes identified. To validate(More)
CONTEXT We have previously identified nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), an enzyme involved in the protection against oxidative stress, as a gene predominantly expressed in human adipocytes. Studies in mice deficient in NQO1 activity suggest that NQO1 may also play an important role in metabolism. OBJECTIVE The(More)
Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ that produces and secretes adipokines. The aim of this study was to identify genes predominantly expressed in human subcutaneous adipocytes. For this purpose, an algorithm was developed and DNA microarray expression profiles from 33 human tissues and cell types were used to select genes. Inhibin beta B (INHBB; coding for(More)
Cyclosporin A (CsA), tacrolimus and rapamycin are immunosuppressive agents (IAs) associated with insulin resistance and dyslipidemia, although their molecular effects on lipid metabolism in adipose tissue are unknown. We explored IAs effects on lipolysis, lipid storage and expression of genes involved on lipid metabolism in isolated human adipocytes and/or(More)
Rapamycin is an immunosuppressive agent used after organ transplantation, but its molecular effects on glucose metabolism needs further evaluation. We explored rapamycin effects on glucose uptake and insulin signalling proteins in adipocytes obtained via subcutaneous (n=62) and omental (n=10) fat biopsies in human donors. At therapeutic concentration (0.01(More)
We have previously reported high immunoglobulin expression in human omental adipose tissue. The aim of this work was to investigate plasma cell density and Fc receptor (FcR) expression in human adipose tissue depots and in vitro effects of immunoglobulins on adipocyte function. Plasma cell density was higher in the visceral compared to the subcutaneous(More)
CONTEXT There is considerable individual variation in the clinical response to GH replacement therapy in GH deficient (GHD) adults. Useful predictors of treatment response are lacking. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to assess the influence of the exon 3-deleted (d3-GHR) and full-length (fl-GHR) GH receptor isoforms on the response to GH replacement(More)
CONTEXT Immunosuppressive agents are associated with profound metabolic side effects including new-onset diabetes and dyslipidemia after organ transplantation. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of cyclosporine A (CsA) and tacrolimus on glucose uptake and insulin signaling in human adipocytes and their impact on the regulation of cellular trafficking of(More)
OBJECTIVE To study effects of dexamethasone on gene expression in human adipose tissue aiming to identify potential novel mechanisms for glucocorticoid-induced insulin resistance. MATERIALS/METHODS Subcutaneous and omental adipose tissue, obtained from non-diabetic donors (10 M/15 F; age: 28-60 years; BMI: 20.7-30.6 kg/m²), was incubated with or without(More)