Jenny L Whitlock

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Disruption of pulmonary endothelial cell (EC) barrier function is a critical pathophysiologic event in highly morbid inflammatory conditions such as sepsis and acute respiratory disease stress syndrome. Actin cytoskeleton, an essential regulator of endothelial permeability, is a dynamic structure whose stimuli-induced rearrangement is linked to barrier(More)
We investigated the radiobiological effects of the radon daughter bismuth-212 (212Bi) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) K1 cells and in xrs-5 cells, which are X-ray sensitive and deficient in the ability to rejoin DNA double-strand breaks. The cells were exposed to 250 kVp X-rays or to 212Bi chelated to diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA); chelation of(More)
The radiobiological effects of the radon daughter 212Bi were investigated in the Chinese hamster ovary cell line AA8 and its radiosensitive derivative EM9. EM9 cells rejoin radiation-induced DNA strand breaks more slowly than do AA8 cells. Three endpoints were examined: cell killing, G2-induced chromosome aberration frequency, and mutation induction at the(More)
A novel alpha-particle irradiator has recently been developed that provides the ability to characterize cell response. The irradiator is comprised of a collimated, planar alpha-particle source which, from below, irradiates cells cultured on a track-etch material. Cells are imaged using phase-contrast microscopy before and following irradiation to obtain(More)
Numerous treatment modalities have been used in treating microscopic carcinoma confined to the peritoneal cavity. However, there is little information at the cellular level regarding which modality is most effective in eradicating small nests of tumor cells. In order to determine whether chemotherapy, X rays, or isotope therapy is most effective, we have(More)
Mutation induction after exposures to 250 kVp X-rays, alpha-particles from the radon daughter 212Bi, and fission-spectrum neutrons from the JANUS reactor was studied in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) K1 cells and in CHO-10T5, a K1 derivative containing the bacterial gene xanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (gpt). Mutation induction was analyzed at(More)
In cases where both the source and cell geometry are well known, track-etch dosimetry allows the potential for individual cell dosimetry. However, analysis of track-etch images is both tedious and time-consuming. We describe here several image processing tools that we are using in conjunction with a track-etch based irradiator. Briefly, cells grown on LR(More)
Point mutations in the gene encoding copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) impart a gain-of-function to this protein that underlies 20-25% of all familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) cases. However, the specific mechanism of mutant SOD1 toxicity has remained elusive. Using the complementary techniques of atomic force microscopy (AFM),(More)
A computer-controlled, alpha-particle irradiator is described that allows for the measurement of the number and location of alpha-particle hits to individual cell nuclei, and subsequent scoring of cell survival. Cells are grown on a track-etch material (LR 115) and images are obtained of the cells prior to irradiation. The cells are then irradiated from(More)