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BACKGROUND We hypothesized that off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting has less impact on the hemostatic systems than on-pump surgery. METHODS Thirty-one patients were randomized to on-pump or off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. Factors of hemostasis as well as markers of endothelial activation were measured up to 24 hours after the operation:(More)
The global assay of Overall Haemostasis Potential we previously described has been refined. The coagulation cascade in platelet-poor plasma is triggered by adding a minimal dose of recombinant tissue factor together with purified phospholipids and calcium; fibrinolysis is initiated by adding recombinant tissue type-plasminogen activator in a concentration(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate cognitive outcome after on and off pump coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS Seventy patients between 50 and 80 years with stable angina pectoris, ejection fraction >30%, serum creatinine <150 micromol/l, and lack of tight main stem stenosis were randomized to on or off pump coronary artery bypass grafting. Standardized(More)
BACKGROUND Saphenous veins are often used for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), but loss of patency is a problem. The surgical procedure may contribute to graft injury. Our aim was to study the impact of surgical handling of saphenous veins on graft inflammation and vascular function. METHODS Biopsy samples of saphenous veins were taken from 9(More)
Ischemic preconditioning may provide a systemic organ protection, evident as the phenomenon known as remote preconditioning. Unstable angina may be a clinical analogue to ischemic preconditioning. Vein graft harvesting induces inflammation of the graft wall. We hypothesized that preoperative unstable angina preconditions vein grafts and reduces the(More)
OBJECTIVE Drainage of blood from the mediastinum and pleura following open cardiac procedures is usually carried out using one or more large-bore plastic chest tubes. Recently small diameter siliastic drains have been reported to evacuate blood with a better patient comfort. The efficacy and safety of different chest tubes have not yet been fully evaluated.(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this prospective, randomised study was to investigate the influence of extracorporeal circulation on the inflammatory response, our hypothesis being that off pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OFFCAB) procedures would generate less activation than on pump procedures (ONCAB). METHODS Patients admitted for elective CABG were(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the influence of cardiopulmonary bypass on pulmonary hemodynamics and gas exchange. METHODS Low risk patients admitted for elective coronary artery bypass grafting were randomized to either on (n=25) or off pump (n=25) surgery. Central hemodynamics, gas exchange, and venous admixture were studied during and up to 20 h after(More)
We hypothesized that cardiovascular performance during the first 24 postoperative hours would be better in patients after off pump coronary artery bypass grafting compared to conventional on pump surgery. Fifty-nine patients were randomized to on or off pump coronary artery bypass grafting. Hemodynamic parameters, including cardiac index and systemic(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this prospective, randomized study was to investigate the impact of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on peripheral monocytes and to evaluate the additional effect of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). DESIGN Twenty patients admitted for elective CABG were randomized to either on-pump (ONCAB, n = 9) or off-pump (OFFCAB, n = 11)(More)