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Conditions of stress, such as myocardial infarction, stimulate up-regulation of heme oxygenase (HO-1) to provide cardioprotection. Here, we show that CO, a product of heme catabolism by HO-1, directly inhibits native rat cardiomyocyte L-type Ca2+ currents and the recombinant alpha1C subunit of the human cardiac L-type Ca2+ channel. CO (applied via a(More)
Activation of transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2), a non-selective, Ca(2+)-permeable cation channel, is implicated in cell death. Channel opening is stimulated by oxidative stress, a feature of numerous disease states. The wide expression profile of TRPM2 renders it a potentially significant therapeutic target in a variety of pathological(More)
Transporter-mediated glutamate uptake is a principal function of astrocytes. Our previous studies have shown that this process is compromised under hypoxic conditions through the NF-kappaB mediated inhibition of expression of the glutamate transporters EAAT-1 and EAAT-2. Here, we demonstrate that identical conditions of hypoxia (1% O(2), 24 h) lead to a(More)
[Ca(2+)](i) (cytosolic [Ca(2+)]) and OS (oxidative stress) were measured simultaneously in calf pulmonary artery endothelial cells using fura-2 and carboxy-2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein. ATP stimulated a [Ca(2+)](i) increase that was followed a few seconds later by an increase in OS. Pre-exposure to 5 microM H(2)O(2) potentiated these responses to ATP.(More)
Prolonged hypoxia alters various cellular processes, including Ca2+ signalling. As these effects can be prevented by antioxidants, we examined the role of glutathione, the major intracellular redox buffer, in modulation of Ca2+ signalling in the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y by hypoxia. Rises of [Ca2+]i evoked by bradykinin, and subsequent capacitative Ca2+(More)
Ca(2+) homeostasis in proliferating smooth muscle (SM) cells strongly influences neointima formation, which can cause failure of coronary artery bypass surgery. During surgical procedures and subsequent revascularization, SM cells are also exposed to a period of hypoxia. Problems with bypass surgery in general involve neointima formation which is in turn(More)
Mutations in the presenilin 1 (PS1) gene lead to early-onset Alzheimer's disease with the S170F mutation causing the earliest reported age of onset. Expression of this, and other PS1 mutations, in SH-SY5Y cells resulted in significant loss of cellular viability compared to control cells. Basal Ca2+ concentrations in PS1 mutants were never lower than(More)
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